Johannesburg – In many South African homes, showering with each other with sweet snacks and unhealthy snacks is considered a sign of love. However, unhealthy eating habits and an increasing number of lifestyles can contribute to the steady increase in diabetes that threatens the health and life of people around the world.
On International Diabetes Day, Dr Nicola Lister, Chief Scientist and Medical Director of Novartis South Africa, is encouraging South Africans to consider how they can love their families in their best health.
According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), about 15.5 million adults aged 20 to 79 suffer from diabetes in Africa and more than two-thirds (69.2%) of them have not had diabetes. The incidence of diabetes in South Africa is increasing. Currently, about 1.8 million people suffer from diabetes in South Africa and this figure is expected to increase to about 2.7 million by 2045.
Lister said the cause of diabetes is blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and limb amputation. In 2016 alone, it is estimated that 1.6 million people died directly from diabetes.
"Most cases are treatable type 2 diabetes and regular diets and treatments for healthy eating, physical activity, medication, and complications avoid or delay the outcome.
Lister emphasized that the family plays an important role in helping people discover the symptoms of diabetes and encouraging healthy lives and reducing the risk of diabetes. "Families can address the modifiable risk factors for type 2 diabetes by strengthening their need for a healthy lifestyle, and they can also be encouraged to recognize the common symptoms of diabetes and to screen family members. Every family member needs to be aware of the signs, symptoms, and risks of diabetes and to find them early because they are affected. "
The most common type 1 diabetes in childhood is excessive urination, extreme thirst, persistent starvation, weight loss, changes in vision and fatigue. Similar symptoms occur in type 2 diabetes. Most occur in adulthood. However, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are less noticeable than those of type 1 diabetes, so people may not be diagnosed for years. However, Lister said that early diagnosis and treatment are important to prevent diabetic complications.
"Simple lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes: achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy and balanced diet, avoiding sugars and saturated fats, avoiding tobacco use, And getting at least 30 minutes each day of a moderate exercise, "she said.
Treatment of diabetes includes dietary and physical activity, as well as treatment of blood sugar control, blood pressure control, foot care, retinopathy (causing seamen) and screening and diabetes related kidney disease. "Family support in treating diabetes has been shown to have a significant effect in improving outcomes," she said.
With KZN alone, you can cut up to 6 times a day with diabetes or 2500 times a year at a public hospital. It is a stunning shout to KZN Health MEC Dr Sibongiseni Dhlomo to urge local people to return their lives.
Dhlomo addressed the 5km Durban Well-Being Festival on the beach in Durban and said, "Diabetes has been a major problem with diabetes, along with other non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, heart disease and stroke.
"We all need to raise awareness of these diseases, so we encourage our fellow compatriots to adjust their lifestyles, do regular exercise, eliminate bad habits such as smoking, eliminate alcohol and substance abuse A healthy and balanced diet can delay the onset of diabetes and other diseases. "
"I always hug the South Africans involved in running and walking because we reduce the amount of chronic care we give them, which has a positive impact on our health budget through what we save. You can improve your quality of life and live longer. Even if you have diabetes and an elderly person, you still need it because you have lots of wisdom for present and future generations. "