An increasing list of infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning and gonorrhea are becoming less and less effective as antibiotics become less effective due to abuse.
If bacteria have several resistance genes, they are called multiresistant or superbugs. New resistance mechanisms of bacteria are spreading worldwide, threatening the ability to treat infectious diseases. Without urgent action, we are headed for an era of antibiotics that can kill again with common infections and minor injuries.
Antibiotics are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections, not viral infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria respond to antibiotic use and become resistant to antibiotics. Bacteria that are not human or animal are resistant to antibiotics.
The bacteria are fighting again.
Using antibiotics for viral infections will result in antibiotic resistance.
Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections such as colds, flu, sore throats, bronchitis and many sinusitis and ear infections. The widespread use of antibiotics in these diseases is an example of how abuse of antibiotics can promote the spread of antibiotic resistance.
In countries without standard treatment guidelines, antibiotics are often over-prescribed by health practitioners and veterinarians and often overused by the general public. There are countries where prescribing antibiotics to humans or animals without prescription can exacerbate the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.
What can you do about antibiotic resistance?
The world needs to change the way it prescribes and uses antibiotics. Even if new medicines are developed, antibiotic resistance will be a major threat without any change in behavior.
What you can do to control the spread of antibiotic resistance
- Use antibiotics only if prescribed by a health professional.
- If your health practitioner tells you that you do not need it, never ask for antibiotics.
- I always finish antibiotics.
- Always follow the advice of your health practitioner when using antibiotics.
- Do not share or use the remaining antibiotics.
- Prevent infections by washing your hands regularly, preparing food hygienically, avoiding close contact with sick people, ensuring safe sex, and keeping vaccinations up-to-date.
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