Friday , April 23 2021

After the oil tree: Luanda for a whole inequality – photo essay | Cities

THe traveled from London to Luanda, the capital of Angola, became one of British Airways & # 39; most profitable, navigating people who were not involved in lucrative oil and diamond designs in & # 39; It straddles a notable expansion of the 2002 city, after nearly three decades of civil war.

In recent years he has competed with Hong Kong and Tokyo for the title of & # 39; the most expensive city of & # 39; a world for exporters. Cranes control the city skyline from & # 39; The surrounding areas were abolished in order to suggest projects for project tenders. Living companies were probably millions to buy in pop stars as Mariah Carey and Nicki Minaj for private concerts.

Luanda map

Self-made millionaire Taz Costa on his yacht with a trip to Ilha do Mussulo

A busy walk in Luanda.

Bricklayer Artur Joao Cardoso, who lives with his two children in a Shantian settlement in the south of & # 39; city

Enjoy the village flow at the hotel Epic Sana

In June, British Airways's route, the last sign of a decline that the city has since the oil price began to break out in 2014. As an impact, new gold from the Angolan central bank visited in & # 39; to clean a local currency, the kwanza. Now there is a currency of currency and a distinction in value at the black market, thereby reducing crime and medicine.

However, Luanda continues to expand beyond the Atlantic Ocean from southern and east. The city is home to a population of approximately 7.8 million, thereby doubling the UN estimates by 2030, to give Luanda megacity status.

Luanda is expensive to try and show up for journalists. Government service bureau is obstructive and imperceptible, and the chance of living normally is relatively rare to document. Angola was once hoped for: after shaking the yoke of the colonial Portuguese government in 1975, it was able to use its cleanliness in socialist principles in & # 39; to put practice into practice? Dozens of years, the inequality is strong: wealth is expected by the elite and the rights of ordinary citizens have been lifted. Many are wound up for development to make new developments where they cannot learn to live.

In the past year, José Eduardo dos Santos, the president of nearly four decades, was replaced by João Lourenço, a former defense minister. There is some appetite for reform in parts of the new government: most importantly, several lucrative contracts offered to Isabel dos Santos, the former president's daughter and African richest woman, were canceled by the new president.

The hotel Epic Sana: the round of luxury

The village of the Epic Sana hotel in Luanda

Airline staff arrives at the hotel Epic Sana

Social at the restaurant of Epic Sana

Specialize a meal for a guest at the Epic Sana

The modest title Epic Sana is a Luanda border, one of the top luxury hotels in the heart of & # 39; a city center. During the oil boom it was with satisfied people; Oil companies used to block dozens of rooms for their employees. The hotel has several restaurants with coffee from Portugal; Sushi seems to be the current bunny.

Thanks to the economic crisis, this hotel is quieter today. Some airlines and diamond companies put their staff on it, but the saviors are gone.

Zango: agriculture liberated for affordable apartments

People that have been moved that new homes are built and now live in a shanty city near & # 39;

Zango people were moved to develop a new home where & # 39; they place

A shanty city in South Luanda.

These shanty dwellings in Zango, in the south of a city, formerly belong to former farmers who took their land in 2006 for housing development at & # 39; a background. They were known for a week. They have a constitutional right to compensation and repetition, and are advised to stay or forget about the new development. However, communication of officials and developers is poor, and the former residents have no certainty about their fate. Legal issues about repetition can take some more than a decade. SOS Habitat, a group supported by Christian Aid, works with those who have lost their homes and lifestyles.

The Gulf of Mangas: a surreal green oasis

Biznits enjoy a wave of golf at the Mangay golf resort

Young men of the local area working as a mud at the Mangay golf resort

Rich residents get ready to play, seen by their wives, at the Mangay golf resort.

The Gulf of Mangay is also in the southern city, next to Cuanza, and because of that, rich local and foreign businesses sell their weekends. It is a surreal farm – rather than green. During my visit, a group of Korean entrepreneurs played a round, tapping the young men from the area. There was also a group of rich local stuff; The women in a group were given the opportunity to take the opportunity.

The lagoon: obligatory families say a health crisis

A fisherman looks down at a shanty town in the south of Luanda.

The shanty village of Aiera Branca, which jumped through a lagoon

Almost all men I & # 39; ve been living at the shanty Aiera Branca, in the south of & # 39; city, fishermen. The man in the main photo looks for worms under the plastic sheet as use. The men fish the black water of the lagoon, with their children playing next to them.

Children from & # 39; fishers play in & # 39; e lagone

A child with pneumonia in Luanda

The child in the last picture has pneumonia. There is a severe shortage of basic medicines that would be available in clinics years ago. Now they can only be found on the black market and most people cannot learn it. Malaria has also become a tremendous problem, with infectious prices again striking.

Under the constitution, people have the right to run water and electricity. Often there is a difference between official promise and reality, and that hole is where many common landlords are forced to live.

Kilamba: A spirit estate comes to life

Kilamba, a new Chinese built residential development in the south of Luanda

Police on patrol at the new Kilamba development.

Students at a school

A new residential development in Kilamba, south of the city, is one of many weeks built by Chinese developers. Existing homes were destroyed, with former residents offering spaces in new buildings. In one development we visited, the hair was four times the average moon leaf. For some time, developments such as the empty, double-minded places lie. Now they are starting to occupy professional professionals who are not working for the empire. By local standards, these people are rich.

Saturday night: how rich and bad running

Saturday night at the Povoado bar near Bita.

People drink, chat and dance to kizomba's music

Dancing couple in the few hours

The Povoado bar is in the old neighborhood of Bita, not far from Kilamba. It's the type of place where most people can get the regular normal salary on a Friday or Saturday night copy without breaking the bank. Kizomba music stays out of its speakers – it is the most popular modern Angolan dance music. It became a feeling in French languages ​​and parts of South America.

Outside the top market Dock Night Club in the city center

A woman takes a selfie on a nightclub dance floor

In the city center are notable nightclubs such as Docks, where the rich goes. During the boom years the thing was good. But they also take the financial squeeze.

Weapons of war: leftover AK-47s drowned offense

Police patrol on a Friday night in Luanda

An armed police officer is stopping in traffic

Luanda has a crime problem. It is difficult to get official statistics, but everyone talks about often armed robbers. There are many weapons left, mostly AK-47s remain over the civil war. At this time, they were given to people to defend themselves.

Police are stopping cars, looking for weapons or drugs

I went with a police patrol on a friday night. They would stop cars, search for weapons or drugs, or see if the driver had been drinking. I thought the police always traveled in groups. One man who stopped them was somewhat offended and asked why he was quitting; In general, people were politics and cars of a police, but not intimidated by them.

The big removal: beloved beach unite the city

Saturday afternoon at Ilha do Cabo

A family has the beach

Saturday afternoon at Ilha do Cabo

Peck and football on the beach

Ilha do Cabo is the real heart of a city where everyone can be saved: rich, poor, homely. It's mostly a weekend mockery, but in a week you can find students with picnics or a birthday celebration. In addition, from where these photos were taken, expensive places and restaurants are the "big shapes" for experiments. Everything they serve is carried out from Europe – except for the beer.

Interview by Aidan Mac Guill

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