MADRID, April 15 (EUROPE PRESS) –
The geographically diverse range of vector-borne diseases such as chikungunya, dengue, leishmaniasis and tick encephalitis (TBE) increases, warns the authors of a study presented to the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Disease (ECCMID, for their acronym in English), which you find in Amsterdam, the Netherlands this year.
It is stimulated by climate change and international travel and trade, the outbreaks of vector-borne diseases will grow in many of Europe in the coming decades, and not only in temperate countries & # 39; a Mediterranean Sea. Both areas formerly affected in higher latitudes and elevations, including parts of northern Europe, can see a deletion in & quot; outbreaks & quot; if no steps are taken to improve the add-on and data change, and benefits for predecessors environmental and climate events, along with other previntive measures.
"Climate change is not the only one, or even the main factor that focuses on the rise of vector-borne diseases in Europe, but is one of the many factors, along with globalization, socio-economic development, strengthening and the general change in land use, which should be treated to limit the import and distribution of these diseases, "says Professor Jan Semenza, of the European Center for the Synthesis and Control, Stockholm, Sweden.
"The harsh reality is that the longer warm seasons expand the sexual window for the possibility of width of padenology that is lost through cattle and bigger outbreaks," says Dr. Giovanni Rezza, director of the Department of Infection Diseases at the Istituto Superiore di Sanitá in Rome, Italy. "We need to be ready to deal with these tropical infections." Recent lessons from West Nile virus in North America and chikungunya in the Caribbean and Italy are the importance of assessing future risks of vector-borne diseases and outbreak of conflict emerging , "he adds.
However, the authors will have to warn that the sensitive interactions between multiple administrators (eg, warm temperatures and international travel), climate-sensitive ringing and climate change adaptation, are difficult for the future burden of & # 39; the disease
MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE, TROPICAL REGION AT PARTY TIME
The glory of Earth has mosquitoes, ticks, and other illnesses that it cripples, breaks, adapts to different seasons and in & # 39; in the last ten years in new regions in Europe in & # 39; a day begins with the outbreak of dengue in France and Croatia, malaria in Greece, Western Nile in south-eastern Europe, and the chikungunya virus in Italy and France.
What trust, the authors say, is that it can be just the tip of your homeowner. "The Mediterranean Europe is now a part-time tropical region, where there are already competent sectors such as the tiger mosquito," says Dr. Rezza. A warmer and harsh climate can provide ideal conditions for the Asia tiger mosquito (& # 39; Aedes albopictus & # 39;), which does not propagate the viruses that cause it and cause chikungunya, to expand and expand in many of Europe, including the south and east of the united kingdom and central europe.
In the past, according to scientists, dengueus transmission was largely restricted to tropical and subtropical regions, to kill free-temperature deadly larvae and mosquitoes, but could prolong seasons "A albopictus & # 39" ; survive and survive. has spread a lot of Europe in ten days.
The European climate is already suitable for transmitting Lyme disease and tick-like encephalitis (especially Ixodes ricinus & 3939), with approximately 65,000 cases of Lyme borreliosis in & # 39; years in & # 39; a European Union, and a growth of 400 percent in reported TBE cases in European endemic areas in & # 39; last 30 years (partly due to better add-on and diagnostics).
In the future, warm winter temperatures, longer-growing seasons and earlier, more temperate summers can make conditions more favorable for tapping and increasing the reach of populated populations, viewers say. Climate change models indicate that by 2040-2060, a 3.8 percent growth may be in & # 39; Ixodes ricinus & # 39; in Europe, and it is determined that the Scandinavian countries are greater risk.
In addition, improved climatic conditions can provide conditions for sandflakes (the main carrier of leishmaniasis) in & # 39; e 2060's from & # 39; The southern parts of the United Kingdom, France and Germany, expanding with the ongoing propagation of invasive mosquitoes and other cattle breeds throughout Europe, we have to suggest and propagate outbreaks of interest, "says Professor Semenza.
He adds: "Public health care needs to improve healthcare enhancement, for example through frost protection systems, enhancing potential risks between healthcare professionals and the general public and also regulatory strategies, innovative as municipal interventions".