Nina Avramova, CNN
Health & Fitness
An international team of scientists has developed a diet that can improve health while sustaining sustainable production for more reduction of & # 39; the planet.
The "planetary health diet" is based on reducing red meat and sugar infestations in half and rising intake of fruits, vegetables and utensils.
And it may happen that up to 11.6 million is beneficial death without scaling off the planet, the report says Wednesday in & # 39; a medical journal The Lancet.
The authors warn that a global change in the hunting and food production is necessary if 3 billion people are formed throughout the world – that is, among other things – and jealous – and the production of food is overflowing with environment goals, celebrating climate change, biodiversity loss and pollution.
The world's population is to reach 20 million people by 2050; That growth, plus our current money and food production, will "reduce risk for people and planet," according to the authors.
"The points are very high," said Dr. Richard Horton, chief editor of The Lancet, from & # 39; a report that lives 1 billion people in hunger and 2 million people too much of & # 39; the wrong food.
Horton is of the opinion that nutrition still receives the kind of political concern that has been created for syndicates such as AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria.
"When using best availability" of contraception nutrition studies, randomized tears and large cohort studies, the authors came up with a new recommendation, Dr. Walter Willett, lead author of the paper and a professor of epidemyology and nutrition at Harvard T.H. Public School of Public Health.
The report contains five strategies to help people change and not change their diseases: stimulating people to be healthier, breaking global production to different cultures, sustaining agriculture, stricter rules for managing oceans and to strengthen countries, food waste.
It & # 39; s Planetary Health Diet & # 39;
To create a healthy global population, the team of scientists set a global reference day, calling it the "planetary health diet", which is an ideal human meal plan for people of 2 age groups that they believe will help out of chronic illnesses such as coronary heart disease, strokes and diabetes, as well as environmental degradation.
It diet the optimum daily intake of whole grains, stale vegetables, fruits, dung, protein, fats and sugars, which represent a complete full calorie storage of 2500.
They recognize the problem of the & # 39; command; that & # 39; t & # 39; Need essential dietary refreshments on a world-wide level, so it's necessary to consume food as red meat and sugar to expire more than 50%. On the other hand, the consumption of nuts, fruits, vegetables, and legumes must increase more than twice, the report says.
The diet advises people to destroy 2,500 calories in one day, something more than what people eat today, Willett says. People should have a "variety of plant-based diets, low coins of animal-based foods, unaltered as cozy fats, and a few rich candles, very processed foods and added sugars," he said.
Regional differences are also important to note. For example, North America countries see nearly 6.5 times the recommended amount of red meat, while countries in South Asia eat 1.5 times the necessary amount of raw food.
"Almost all the regions are in a great world," says Willett, "the level of red meat requested".
The health and environmental benefits of diabetic changes such as these are known, "but so far, the challenge of achieving healthy deacons of a sustainable nose system has been threatened by a lack of scientific guidelines," said Howard Frumkin, Head of UK biomedical research. Wellcome Trust's To Our Planet Our Career Program The Wellcome Trust has funded the research.
"It delivers rain showers, productions, and private individuals with evidence based evidence that they work together to process our essential systems and cultures," he said.
If the new diet is generally accepted, 10.9 to 11.6 million deaths will be eliminated every year – about 19 percent to 23.6 percent of adult deaths. A reduction of sodium and an increase in whole grains, nuts, vegetables and fruits delivered the most to the deaths, according to one of the reports.
Making the event
Some scholars are skeptical whether the global population can understand this diet.
The recommended money "is a lot of damage," what it may be and how it should be executed, says Alan Dangour, professor of food and nutrition for global health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Whatever "director makes it easy to get it straight away" is the fact that collaboration parameters have to work together, he said. Dangour was not involved in the report.
At the current level of food production, the reference day is not easily reached, said Modi Mwatsama, senior science (food system, nutrition, and health) at the Wellcome Trust. Some countries do not have enough food to grow because they can, for example, reduce cultures, while in other countries promoting uncommon feeds, she said.
Mwatsama adds that if there are no structural changes, such as subscriptions that do not go from "" food production, and environmental changes, such as limits on how much can be used, "we will not see any of these & # 39; try to reach a goal. "
In order to enable populations to follow the reference date, the report suggests five strategies, where & # 39; t subsidize one option. These fit into a recommendation for ensuring good governance of land and ocean systems, for example, by enhancing the basics and subsidies for world fisheries, as they lead to over-rigor of a global resource.
Second, the report describes strategies such as stimulating farmers to offset the production of production from large grooves of a few cultures for diverse production of neighboring cultures.
Sante maneuver must also be made more accessible, for example, low-income groups should be helped with social protection to prevent humble poor, suggest authors, and encourage people healthily through information campaigns.
A fourth strategy means that the agricultural conditions are taken into account to ensure the best agricultural practice for a region, after which it offers the best products.
Ultimately, the team suggests reducing the ability of grooming by improving & nbsp; & nbsp; & gt; a check in & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; low and middle income countries, while improving the & # 39; e consumption in high-tech universities.
Louise Manning, professor of agri-food and grounds of castle grant at the Royal Agricultural University, said to & # 39; The nutrition enhancement meeting is a "very difficult thing to realize", to include the government, communities and individual households.
"It can be done," said Manning, who was not involved in the report, which noted the rollback in plastic use in countries other than the United Kingdom.
The health of a planet
The 2015 Paris Convention on Climate Change pointed out that global warming is limited to 2 degrees Celsius above industrial levels. The meeting of this purpose is no longer solely about de-carbonizing energy systems by reducing fossil fuels, it is also over an itinerary, said Johan Rockström, professor of environmental science at the Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, in Sweden. 39, do not study.
"This is imperative," he said. Without global adjustment of the reference day, the world will "not succeed with the Paris Climate Tree."
A sustainable product system for sustainable nutrition requires necessary unexpected gas emissions such as methane and nitric acid to limit, but is made methane in the congregation of cattle breeding, while saline troops are released from cultural lands and meadows. But the authors find that these emission sources are unforgettable to provide health for 10 billion people. They mark that decarbonization from & # 39; the energy system of & # 39; more responsive to the world than expecting it to do so.
In general, it provides a cozy population and planet combining all the strategies, the report closes – important diary change, improved product production, and technology changes, and also reduced feedstock.
"Developing and operationalizing sustainable nosystem systems that deliver healthy species for a growing and richer global population can produce a daunting challenge. No less than a new global agricultural revolution," Rockström said, adding that "the solutions exist."
"It's about behavioral change. It's about technologies. It's about policy. It's about arrangements. But we can do that."
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