New York City and Northern Virginia
According to people familiar with the second and third headquarters, more than a year of public debate, starting with 238 candidates and ending with a remarkable division of the so-called HQ2, has ended.
According to the people, an upcoming announcement is expected on Tuesday. Other cities can receive major sites, and some have said.
Amazon divides its second headquarters into Long Island City, New York, and Crystal City, Arlington County, all located across from major urban centers. The company plans to equally divide offices with 25,000 employees.
This decision effectively affects Amazon on three politically ill-powered coastal hubs, as technology companies are being scrutinized for their perceptions of elitism and liberal social views.
Amazon declined to comment.
The Wall Street Journal's Kevin Hagen
John F. Kennedy
Government officials in New York and Northern Virginia expect to wait for an event to be announced on Tuesday, according to people familiar with the issue.
The New York Times mayor Bill de Blasio discussed the Amazon deal on Monday night during his weekly television appearances, but did not officially confirm that the city was elected. He hoped the HQ2 would come to New York. "We are talking about the biggest single economic development negotiation in New York City history," he said.
Amazon's move to New York is closing the gap with its rival, Google. The Wall Street Journal last week
The unit will add an office space to accommodate more than 12,000 new workers, and those numbers are double the current number of employees in the search firm, people familiar with the issue said. At the journal's D.Live technical meeting, Ruth Porat, Google's chief financial officer, confirmed Monday that the company plans to double its 7,000 New York City employees in the decade.
Amazon has been in late talks with New York, Crystal City, Dallas, and others, and people familiar with the issue have said before. In addition to the HQ2 decision, Amazon could announce that another city won a big project, but it was unclear how it would go and where it would go.
With three of the finalists including Crystal City, the Washington, DC area has long been a favorite for Amazon's CEO, Jeff Bezos, who owns the Washington Post as his second hometown. It has been considered a major candidate.
Crystal City, a 1960s-era office and residential development close to the Pentagon, has lost its fate over the last decade as key tenants, including the Pentagon and private tenants, have taken out stakes.
Close proximity to Washington, Reagan National Airport, subway stops and other means of transportation has made it an attractive prospect for Amazon's ambitious second-floor headquarters. In addition to its charm, it is also in the hands of a developer.
According to people familiar with this problem, the region's notorious traffic volume is expected to require new investments. The impact on Amazon's homes can be significant.
Virginia is an important purple swing nation that promises political influence regardless of political party, and can be politically suitable for the Amazon. D.C. The area lacks the cutting edge culture of New York, but it is big, diverse, and far from perfect.
Long Island City in Queens has been a long-standing industry town with more than 16,000 new apartments built since 2006, experiencing a residential boom. It is the fastest growing community in New York City.
Neighbors are along the East River, with several subway lines, Long Island Rail Road and two ferry stops. It is also close to La Guardia and John F. Kennedy International airport.
The city originally included four towns in the bid, officials were leaning on Long Island City from the start, according to people familiar with the process.
In September 2017, Amazon began searching throughout North America to create a second headquarters based in Seattle. It said the new site will accommodate approximately 50,000 jobs and represent billions in investment.
Amazon closed the contest with 20 finalists in January, demanded a lot of data, and made a field trip on the second day of the whirlwind. During that time, the city impressed the company's economic development team.
A week ago we were amazed by the week before Amazon announced plans to evenly divide the two headquarters instead of choosing a city. There has been a change in plans since Amazon executives concluded that sending more than two offices would bring in more and more top talent. Half the size will help Amazon alleviate potential problems in other areas where adding houses, shipping, and tens of thousands of workers can cause problems.
The decision to separate what was considered to be one of the biggest economic development projects in recent history has led to criticism of Amazon's original intentions, but it is also a new hope. Some municipal officials said they would make proposals to meet their needs and others said they thought city opportunities had increased
Two new locations were questioned about how similar it is to the current Seattle base in Amazon, currently employing more than 45,000 employees.
Jason Andrew Wall Street Journal
Washington D.C. Metro line
Amazon considered several qualifications for public transportation, proximity to non-stop airports to and from Seattle, and perhaps the selection of new headquarters sites, such as gathering the most important technical personnel. The company also weighed on whether to become one of the largest companies in the city. It can be a magnet for the same kind of scrutiny that you get in Seattle through social problems. Amazon also emphasized job creation and hoped to demonstrate the real economic impact of investing in new areas.
Some economic development experts scratched their heads at Amazon's decision to release the process. This usually resulted in longer lists and more complicated factors such as buying speculative real estate around the expected site.
Amazon conducted additional surveys of potential incentives for finding a specific area.
Nevertheless, this process was a year of positive publicity. I emphasized the ability to create jobs and investments in the Amazon. From President Donald Trump to Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, I faced critics. wage.
"This was a platform for cities that Amazon was transforming from traditional e-commerce to market-leading technology companies," said Boyd's site selection consulting firm John Boyd. To promote themselves to the world audience. "
The new office selection will raise the minimum wage of warehouse workers to $ 15 per hour following Amazon's September announcement. Amazon also announced a major employment plan as it built more warehouses over the past year and expanded its US workforce.
Amazon's decision leaves many cities that spent months and months wasting resources and time without clear compensation. In some cities, this process has raised awareness of other potential economic development transactions. Amazon said it would consider other projects as well.
John McKinnon and Jimmy Vielkind contributed to this article.