If you eat unhealthy food and are physically inactive, you are more likely to have a heart attack. But there are a few other factors that increase the risk, especially for women.
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Researchers at Oxford University recently published a study in the British Medical Journal to determine how different risk factors for heart attack in sexually transmitted diseases are.
To that end, they used the British Biobank database to evaluate about 500,000 adults between the ages of 40 and 69 between 2006 and 2010. They surveyed their troops and tracked them for an average of seven years.
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Analysis of the results showed that hypertension, smoking and diabetes increased the risk of heart attack in women over men. In fact, hypertension increased the risk of women by 83%, smoking by 55% and diabetes by 47% more than that of men.
"Several risk factors were more closely related to myocardial infarction [heart attack] Compared to women and men. "The authors wrote," The gender-specific association between risk factors and myocardial infarction decreased with age, but the relative risk of women was higher where it occurred. "
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Scientists have pointed out that the rate of heart attack is still three times higher in men than in women, but said women should be more aware of heart disease.
The researchers suggest that women should be alert when they are old, smoke, have diabetes, or have high blood pressure. "These results also highlighted the importance of guideline-based treatment for diabetes and hypertension and an equitable approach to weight loss and smoking cessation programs for middle-aged and elderly women and men," he said.
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Analysts also acknowledged some limitations. Many subjects were white and had a higher socioeconomic status. We hope to diversify participants to include people of various races, ages, and socioeconomic backgrounds for further investigation.
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