Scientists may have found evidence for a new force of nature – that could solve the deepest mysteries of the universe.
There are four known forces of physics that supposedly govern the behavior of each particle and planet, but experts have long suspected that there should be more.
And in an experiment at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory outside Chicago, scientists may have discovered a fifth force after small particles, known as muons, were found at faster rates than expected.
Here, particle physicist Dr Harry Cliff, left, who was not involved in the Muon g-2 study, explains what the excitement is about.
Four forces of nature?
Gravity holds the universe together and keeps our feet on the ground.
Electromagnetic force is responsible for electricity, magnetism, light, radio waves, and holds atoms together.
De strong force holds quarks at the nucleus of an atom together and the weak force causes radioactive decay and also transforms particles.
What are moons?
there are three particles that’s all we see in the universe – electrons and the op en down quarks ,
And for reasons we do not understand, there are also exotic fundamental particles, one of which is the mouth.
It’s a unstable copy of the electron but lives only about a millionth of a second and it is 200 times heavier.
What happened to Fermi?
The purpose of the experiment was to measure the magnetic strength of the muon. It did not agree with the exact calculation made with current theories and this means there is something else that has the behavior of the mouth , which could be a new force of nature.
Why does it matter?
This discovery could point to an explanation for unanswered questions – why is the universe here, what is it made of, what is dark matter made of. It can answer questions we have not thought of ,
How can life change?
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We do not know yet, but it may have something great applications in the future.
Similar discoveries in the past have had a major technological impact, and often in unpredictable ways.
All our technology, computer chips, communications etc. Would be impossible without understanding electrons.
What is the next step?
The experiment has analyzed 6% of the data and will stimulate experiments where we look for signs of new particles. We are on a journey that can bring us closer understand the universe ,