Imagining life in space is part of the collective fiction of our time. As many of us grow up Star Track I have a strong opinion about my parents or the best. Doctor Or us Still that word Firefly It was robbed of just hundreds of seasons. As a species, we are interested in shows, books, and movies about discovery. Humans are pushing the boundaries of what we know and the boundaries of where we were. We are in the nature of exploration.
"We were nomads in 95% of our existence," says Stephen Petranek How do we live on Mars?"He said. "Humans are 2 million years old, 20,000 years ago, we spent time moving over the horizon to the next area with more games, fruit, and much more to eat, and we go further It will. "
Now we are so thoroughly exploring the corners of our own planet that we will yearn for moving again. To go beyond the horizon we can see. And Mars is wild and untamed – the next big border.
Mars was Stephen Petranek's scientific obsession when interviewing Elon Musk for the TED project. Talking with Tesla's visionary and listening to his plans blew Petra Neck's heart. The artist realized that going to Mars through dialogue is not possible in the future and because of the current technology now. The bigger one was still convinced that the mass pilgrimage to the famous "red planet" could prevent the extinction of our species.
Of course Petranek's book, How do we live on Mars?We capture people's imagination too strongly. This is not just a fiction Do It raises imagination. It was enough to get inspired by the NatGeo show. Mars – Hybrid of real science interviews and scenarios drama about the first Mars colonies. Recently we talked to Stephen Petranek. Mars (November 12, September 8) He pointed out a problem on earth that could still harass us on other planets.
Part I: We have to figure out who owns the land on Mars.
The 1967 space treaty, modeled on what we did in Antarctica, says no country can make anything out of a planetary orbital orbit that threatens another country. Therefore, although we have exercised some degree of military power, we can not militarize space. And no one can own it outside the Earth's orbit.
In other words, if you go to the moon, you can not put a flag on the moon and you can say that America owns the moon. This is contrary to the way it has been for many years. Throughout Earth's history, explorers will go to different continents and even though there was an indigenous civilization, they would place the flag and say, "This belongs to Spain and belongs to France."
About a year before his departure, President Barack Obama announced, "If you go to a place like Mars, you will say colonies or decide to mine the area." The 1967 Space Treaty "It is still unclear whether you will own it, but if you go there, you will be able to remove or at least buy the resources each time you plant a flag. Correct interpretation of illegal residents.
I do not know if it conforms to international law. No one has power or jurisdiction, so they are fully in the air. Perhaps most of it will work in a way that works through history. If you arrive here and back up your allegations, you can ultimately keep it.
Part II: We will have to figure out who decides the law of the land.
Absolute truth is that we have not prepared this. We do not have laws about Mars. It is a whole new border. There is no government. There is no safety net. But I think it is like law, and I think I have things that will remain secondarily (alive) until I have a sustainable population for a long time (at least Elon Musk thinks about a million people).
Of course people will misunderstand no matter what the numbers are. There must be some kind of force structure. Initially, when there are less than 100 people, it will be a relatively militaristic class. But I doubt that the people on Mars again focus on survival and improve the quality of life so that it will be much less wrong than we are accustomed to.
There are good examples of Antarctica. We have placed about 10,000 people on Antarctica every year on different bases. It is so harsh that there are few problems with people who malfunction there. People have to relate to each other for their survival and well-being. We tend to live an independent life right now. Unless you break the law or cause problems, you will not notice. But in society where survival is a matter of cooperation, everyone is watching you. I think the imbalance caused by normal behavior will be detected very quickly.
Part III: You have to make a difficult choice to leave the planet forever.
At first I really want to stay and spend people on Mars who wants to live there. Because you are trying to build a new civilization. If you are motivated enough to leave Earth forever, you will be successful on Mars. It's incredibly expensive, but it will cost a lot of money to go to Mars. So if your round-trip ticket is close to a million dollars, you will not have much money. You also need to reuse rockets to maximize the efficiency of bringing people to Mars. So we have to bring the rocket back. However, if you need to fill water for boarding people and more people, the cost will increase dramatically.
The idea is to create a rocket that creates a fun and successful one-way trip. And essentially sent. I put a small amount of fuel and send it back. In the end, it comes back to Earth, then built again and continues again.
Part IV: We will rely on freeze-dried food from the earth, and we are more likely to be vegetarian.
We will have to use the resources of Mars for what we have built up, but the difficulty is that at least in the early days we will not be able to build greenhouses and save people on Mars. The planet must be terraformed for independent food supply. Over the years, most of the food on Mars (80%) has arrived from Earth and is suspected to be freeze-dried. The remaining 20% will be grown in the greenhouse, so salad and crunchy stuff in your mouth.
On Mars, there is no room to feed animals instead of humans. When animals are grown domestically, it is usually necessary to bring about 7 calories per calorie. People living on Mars will be vegetarian for a long time. Because humans do not want to bring animals to Mars, which consume resources that can survive and survive.
PART V: People will arrive quickly to a large number of people. In other words, there will be many things that need to be understood immediately.
SpaceX CEO Elon Musk plans to begin building a BFR (Big Falcon Rocket) Mars rocket in 2030 or before, and this rocket will burn at least 80 people at a time on Mars. You can fire on Mars twice every year. And these will be reusable rockets. He plans to build thousands of rockets by 2050. In other words, by 2050 he imagines that 80,000 people will arrive. in Mars sails every two years.
If that is true, he is one of the most optimistic people on earth. Cosmic X will have one million people on Mars in 50 years.
Part 6: But it is not as difficult as we think.
On earth, we seem to like growth. Our city has grown exponentially over the last 50 years. 100 years ago, 80% of people in the United States lived on farms in rural settings. The numbers are now completely changed. It is almost 80% living in an urban environment. We have shown that we can build very quickly from naturally available resources on earth, and so on Mars.
And obviously people will not go there if they do not have a place to live. They can not live outdoors. They will die. Requires pre-availability. So, for example, we will send a cargo missionary to Mars and land a machine in advance to make tons and tons of habitat material and food and oxygen. It will not be like the month we will visit for a day or two. For the first missions ministry they must have what they need to keep them alive when they arrive.
VII: It will be the ultimate wandering adventure of mankind.
I want to go to Mars. I think it will be the most exciting, most exciting and visually stimulating journey in every possible way you can imagine. And the most amazing adventure that anyone on this planet can have at this special point. I would not want to be the first 10 people to go to Mars – I think it would be difficult. But I will not care about numbers … 1,001 I want to go early before Mars is too earthlike. That way, I told people, "Mars is cold, but all the newcomers have ruined it."
Critically acclaimed, MARS will return to Season 2 Monday, November 12, Monday, September 8, at National Geographic.