After years of success in the fight against malaria, the number of infectious diseases has increased in recent years. Last year, the World Health Organization (WHO) recorded two cases of malaria infection for two consecutive years, according to the German press dpa.
At the same time, the Director of WHO, Tedros Adhan Ghebreyesus, urged the need for funding for the fight against malaria, which would undermine the success of the past year without enormous effort.
"I can not accept the fact that this disease, which can be prevented and cured, kills a child every two minutes," he said.
As seen in the most recent WHO report, the number of cases reported last year increased by 2 million to 219 million over the previous year. Increases in malaria infections have been reported since 2016, particularly in Africa, where infections are most common, such as Nigeria and Congo. "These countries need systematic support in the future," said the first WHO man.
Malaria is one of the most common infectious diseases. Malaria is widespread in more than 100 countries around the world, occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa, some Central and South American countries, the Middle East, Central and South America, and South Asia, and on some Pacific Island sites it appears on the Web site of the Republic of Slovenia. National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ)
Malaria is caused by parasites – plasmodia is transmitted by mosquito anopheles by infected females. Malaria is not transmitted directly from humans to humans.
Malaria is a disease of many clinical signs. The most important is the onset of fever accompanied by fever and sweating. Muscle and joint pain, headache, digestive disorders, cough, jaundice, and consciousness disorders. Some forms of malaria can be repeated. Malaria can be particularly dangerous to children, pregnant women, people with immune-responsive disorders, people without spleen, and people with chronic illnesses.
Malaria treatment is performed with appropriate anti-malarial drugs.
Prevention of malaria is based on personal protection against mosquitoes and prevention of malaria prevention (malaria prevention). Reduce the likelihood of mosquito peaks by using most skin, insecticide, insect access to living spaces, protective netting to prevent mosquito bites and consistent use of waterproofing agents.
Malaria When traveling to high-risk areas, the anti-malarial system is recommended.