Children, adults, expectant mothers, travelers, people at high risk of infection, and specialists facing infectious diseases all need immunizations to protect their health and life. If population protection by immunization fails, there is an epidemic like the recent mosquito epidemic that occurred in eastern Slovakia in May 2018. The reduction in immunization is evidence that public health, unnecessary illness and death can be a serious threat.
As we entered the 20th century, the greatest health threats were infectious and parasitic diseases, most of which required the lives of infants and children. The average life expectancy after vaccination has increased to 15-25 years. Extension of life is anticipated and evidence suggests that the vaccine contributed greatly to disease management. Today, vaccines can prevent more infectious diseases and new vaccines are being developed that have the potential to prevent other infectious diseases. Bulk immunization programs have shown to be successful in controlling or even eliminating disease. According to history, reducing the scope of vaccine coverage will lead to the prevention of disease recurrence already in the protected population. A stable, high rate of inoculation can cause the disease to sink and some to become completely extinct. Despite the obvious success of vaccination efforts, 1.5 million people die each year from diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. According to WHO, the vaccine will be the most important tool to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with the flu pandemic. Approximately 3.5 million people are infected with influenza every year and 650 thousand people die. In 1990, the epidemic accounted for 33% of all deaths, and by 2010, the epidemic was only 25%.
In addition to being able to prevent death and suffering, the vaccine is one of the most cost-effective health investments. Immunization has greatly reduced the financial burden on companies affected by communicable diseases. In addition to protecting lives and reducing disability, vaccination also relieves pressure on the health system. Visit with a doctor; Reduce downtime and loss costs. Productivity due to various diseases. Immunizations can avoid infectious diseases. They prevent them from being transferred between people and expanding their population. Some people can not be protected by immunization. For example, children who are too young to be vaccinated, people with weak immune systems that are incompatible with all conditions after vaccination, people with too much vaccination (eg with cancer of the patient). Immunization can also provide "collective protection" to people who are not immunized.. The major component of the vaccine is the antigen, an active ingredient in the vaccine. It stimulates / stimulates the immune system to create immunity. Supplements are similar in function. They stimulate the stimulation of the immune system. Together they form the active ingredient of the vaccine. Vaccines also do not stimulate the immune system and can contain very small amounts of other inactive substances. They are of secondary importance, especially antibiotics, preservatives and stabilizers. The antigen is administered to the organism in various forms of vaccine (vaccine): Live attenuated viral particles, part of dead viral particles or viruses, surface bacterial antigens or Antigens found inside the bacteria.
In Slovakia, forced and selective vaccinations are available. Optionally, vaccination against 13 other diseases is mandatory, of which 4 are vaccine traps. Infant immunization against diphtheria, tetanus, acne, polio, hepatitis B virus and haemophilia invasive disease as well as measles, rheumatism and rubella vaccination is essential. As part of the regular duty immunization, adults must be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus.
Immunization schedules are developed by experts based on expertise, years of experience, SR and disease incidents in neighboring countries, the ECDC recommendations – European Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the WHO – WHO. The most successful prevention program in Slovakia National Immunization Program. The goal of the association is to protect public health by reducing disease, eliminating and eliminating epidemics, and ensuring effective and safe immunization of children and adults.
Reducing vaccination reduces the effectiveness of collective protection, increasing the risk of communicable diseases and threatening the most vulnerable. It does not matter that you do not need to get vaccinated for a disease that does not happen! Collective protection is also important for national security. The free movement and migration of EU member states have an impact on the safety and health of Slovak people. In Slovakia, children's immunization rates for measles fell to less than 95% in the four regions of Bratislava, Trenčiansky, Banskobystrický and Košický. One of the unfortunate consequences was the epidemic of measles in eastern Slovakia, which affected 428 people this year!
If a parent does not deny a mandatory child immunization without showing a serious medical or other doctor, a total of € 331 will be imposed. However, immunization is not an imposition of a fine through immunization, but a prevention of an infectious disease that can be prevented by immunization. Compulsory immunization is available to all children in Slovakia and is subject to public health insurance. Due to strict adherence to vaccination obligations, Slovakia has so far provided a high level of vaccination, protecting the population against the diseases included in the compulsory vaccinations.
An important time for immunization is also pregnancy. Cancer immunity and body function undergo many changes during pregnancy to promote the emergence of epidemics. Before pregnancy, women must receive all compulsory immunizations to protect themselves and their babies. Live vaccines should be given at least one month before the scheduled pregnancy. If their wives do not survive, vaccination against sheep puppies is the most important. Non-live vaccine vaccines may be given just before pregnancy and if necessary during pregnancy. All pregnant women are required to receive the flu vaccine from October to December every year and receive diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (dTap) vaccinations in the 28th to 37th week of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the flu can cause serious complications for the mother and the fetus, including death. In 2009, six pregnant women died from pandemic flu in SARI, Slovakia, up to 46.15%! During pregnancy, mother-to-child flu is rarely transmitted directly, but it is the cause of the miscarriage early in pregnancy. Influenza virus is causing the neural tube. Maternal influenza is associated with a 4-fold increase in fetal tumors when the absolute number of fetal tumors is low. Maternal children who are suffering from pandemic influenza are lagging in infancy. Postpartum immunization is also important for mothers and babies. The inoculated matrix reduces the risk of infecting the baby. If you are pregnant immediately after birth, your mother is safe even if you are breastfeeding. Women who have not been vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy should be vaccinated immediately after birth if they have not been vaccinated for the past five years.
Groups with increased or increased risk of infection are compulsorily vaccinated in Slovakia according to the Ministry of Health (585) of 10.12. Details of the 2008 Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases. For example, people with tuberculosis, meningitis or viral hepatitis who are exposed to this disease. Compulsory vaccines are people who live in a common household with people infected with hepatitis B and who are required to vaccinate people who contact them. Animal beasts. Pneumococcal infections are essential for people to be placed in the home of social work.
Some jobs require specific immunizations. Vaccines against tuberculosis are, for example, doctors, laboratory workers or refugees. Epidemiologists, soldiers, prisons and law enforcement agents, firefighters and others are vaccinated against hepatitis A. In preparation for hepatitis B, healthcare teachers, social workers, labor offices, social and family, local governments, child care facilities for social and legal protection and social workers are waiting for hepatitis B vaccination. Vaccination against rabies involves staff of virus labs dealing with rabies virus, treatment facility staff directly at risk of infection, shark. Immunization against tick-borne inflammation is essential for viral laboratory staff who deal with interstitial inflammatory viruses. Other vaccines are recommended for other people and for professional groups.
Slovakia has committed to the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) on the development of immunization programs and financial sustainability. Immunization is part of the European antibiotic resistance program. The state is responsible for the health of citizens, especially children, the elderly and the underprivileged. It is our duty to keep our health in this way!