100 years ago, between 1914 and 1918, about 10 million people died and a truce agreement was signed. November 11 shook the day.
Early November. The German army is retreating all over the West. Their enemies demand surrender. A buzzer sounds at about 8:30 pm on the 7th near La Capelle in the north. He announced a ceasefire allowing the passage of German delegations. She takes the train Rethondes is clearing. Ferdinand Foch, the French marshal, is waiting there.
The atmosphere is cold. "Do you demand a ceasefire?" We ask it. In the left bank of the Rhine, 34 conditions will be set up, including disarmament and withdrawal, which will later bear the seeds of humiliation.
Germans have three days to think. They negotiate between 10 and 11 pm. Then sign the document from 5:12 to 5:20 famous for the carriage. The sharp battle must end at 11 o'clock.
Meanwhile, the bombing continues. Augustin Trébuchon of France, George Lawrence Price of Canada, Henry Gunther of the United States fell in the last five minutes.
Joy and relief
Thieves have good news everywhere. Soldiers leave the trenches and pass out with confidence. It is joy in big city. The bell rings on November 11, 2018 in all the communes in France.
But 100 years later, in France, all direct witnesses of the dispute disappeared. The last "hairy" is gone with the memories of the fear of the trenches with them. When asked a few years ago, some of them still felt joy and relief in the announcement of the end of hostilities.
When the trumpet sounded, "I did not believe it, neither did my friends," said Claude-Marie Boucaud. Ferdinand Gilson recalled that he danced several times in polka with a catcher who "could never dance in his life". The conclusion is as follows. "November 11, 1918, we slaughtered in Western Europe. I finished. "
Disappeared in Africa
Between 1914 and 1918, some 30,000 African engagements died in the trenches. Of the 200,000 people coming from the mainland, 77,000 soldiers formed one of Senegal's largest delegations. But after a century or so after this war, this common history seems to have disappeared.
Student, Amadou Diallo believes that a few young people know her. "We can say that the majority of youth in Senegal do not really know what was actually stolen – what we see at school and what we see at the documentary level looks completely different."
Historical schools should see elders such as Aliou Kane, the number of restaurants, to hear the common past. "We are very happy because we have old Senegal rifles, I have built a French army with my stepfather, we helped France, especially the Africans, we worked for us, we worked in Africa "
The student is listening on the bench next door. But when asked if she would follow the ceremony on 11 November in France, she admitted that she did not know "this story".
Lamine Dia Baye is an archivist at the College of Letters. For him, the predators were shamed and France paid the arrogance today. "It raises a real problem! When we needed a fighter, they fought to liberate France. Today France does not allow children to go to France!
But it is not only Senegal that this common past slowly fades away. In Mali, the memory of fierce people is disappearing. Mali historian Soumaíla Sanogo says in Mali: "When we talk about World War I, we create other memories that are not necessarily linked to war memories: taxes, increased taxes, grain bonds, It had a lot of impact, it gave a shock and people rebelled. "
And this story has been somewhat abused by the colonial administration and says, "I have forgotten more things than forgetting a war monument," says a British specialist. Because it may be a fermentation for another uprising. "