World Pneumonia Day, held annually on November 12th, was presented at the Global Coalition for Child Pneumonia initiative. This is the name of international, government, non-governmental and local organizations, research and educational institutions, foundations and activist civic groups. The coalition strives to make public officials, health professionals, and potential donors interested in pneumonia.
Holiday World Pneumonia Day Prehistory
One of the tools to help achieve this goal is World Pneumonia Day. On this day, healthcare organizations organize preventive measures and conduct health checkups. Many volunteers also tell people about the risks associated with pneumonia and communicate information flyers and brochures.
In 2009, in partnership with UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the "World Action Plan for Pneumonia Prevention and Control." The goal of this plan is to strengthen the fight against pneumonia with the help of comprehensive measures to protect children and prevent and treat diseases. At first, children suffer from pneumonia.
This disease is the leading cause of youth death worldwide. Each year, 1.4 million children under the age of five die. It is more than AIDS, malaria and measles. Pneumonia is common everywhere, but children in South Asia and Africa suffer the most. However, this disease can be prevented by using simple measures such as immunization and good nutrition.
It is therefore important to regularly awake pneumonia so that people can take action to stop the disease. In other words, you can spread information, interact with authorities and donate to immunization. This is what doctors and volunteers actively work for on World Pneumonia Day.
What is dangerous to human pneumonia?
The risk of this disease is related to the important role that lungs play in the human body. Eventually, the lungs perform the function of delivering oxygen to the tissues of the body, so defeat of an important organ can cause serious consequences.
Oxygen enters the respiratory lungs during inhalation. In the special vesicle-alveoli of the lungs, the process of enriching the blood with oxygen occurs. At the same time, carbon dioxide enters the alveoli from the blood and is released to the outside during exhalation. The inner surface of the lungs has mucous membranes, the purpose of which is to protect the lung against negative external influences.
Each lung consists of 10 segments, which are grouped into leaves. The right lung has three parts on the left and two. In pneumonia, the process of infection affects the internal structure of the lungs, which greatly complicates breathing and gas exchange processes. This can affect other organs, especially the heart.
Prevention of childhood pneumonia
In most cases, pneumonia in children is a disease with a weak immune system. Therefore, prevention of disease in children includes strengthening immunity, correct work, physical activity, good nutrition, and taking vitamin complex.
At the same time, be careful not to get your child hypothermia, cleanliness and adequate humidity. ARVI, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, and most importantly, respiratory diseases that can be a direct cause of bronchitis, pneumonia.
There is currently no universal vaccination against pneumonia, but you may be vaccinated against some pathogens of pneumonia (eg, pneumococcal and hemophilic canes). These immunizations are optional and optional.
Pneumonia tendency in childhood is the reason for in-depth examination and identification of the cause of the situation. This child may have chronic diseases such as genetic pathology of the lungs and bronchi and muscular sclerosis. This condition requires constant monitoring and treatment.