The pituitary gland or pituitary gland is a small pea-shaped organ located at the base of the brain near the base of the nasal bridge. In the hypothalamus, "pituitary rod" is attached to the structure. Despite its small size, it plays a very important role in the body and is responsible for the production of many essential hormones for proper functioning of endocrine and reproductive organs.
The pituitary function is as follows. But it can be in any state when it does not work properly!
What role does the pituitary gland play?
The pituitary gland is divided into anterior (adenophobia) and posterior (neurochipophysis). Each lobe secretes hormones that have different functions in the body.
Helps in the secretion of Adenohypophysis:
- HGH is important because it promotes growth hormone-tissue, especially muscle and bone growth and growth.
- Thyreotropin (Thyreotropin) – Essential for proper metabolism.
- Corticotropin ACTH (corticotropin) – stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol and other important hormones.
- Follicle stimulating hormone FSH (follitropin) stimulates female ovarian development and increases male sperm production.
- Luteinizing hormone LH (lutropin) – is involved in estrogen production in men and women in testosterone.
- Lactotrophic hormone PRL (prolactin) – Stimulates feeding.
Also, adenohypophysis stimulates the secretion of endorphins ("happy hormones") that can stimulate the brain's pleasure center and exhibit analgesic effects, enkephalin and melanocytic-stimulating hormones (MRH).
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