Fires are a constant for humans in the neighborhood of Castelo Branco, but each year they look more intense and extreme. In Vila de Rei there is talk of eucalyptus, abandoned countries, but also a changing climate.
Carlos Crisóstomo, 62, 25 as a volunteer firefighter, is frustrated and depressed while looking at the burned forest that can be seen from his home, in Vale da Urra, municipality of Vila de Rei (Castelo Branco).
It points to valleys and hills to indicate how & # 39; t the flames that erupt on Saturday that reached place.
The experience of the firefighter helped save the house, but was not enough to rescue the neighbor's neighbor, wounding the only serious fire.
He complains about the lack of firefighters when he needed it most, saying that he was not coordinated, but the debt also came from somewhere else, he says.
"There are temperature differences and the Azorean anti-cyclone is moving further to the continent, wiping out the whole world," he told Lusa news agency Carlos Crisóstomo.
“We do not contribute to this [as alterações climáticas], but we ran out trees. When we walk here with trees, the city allows car to run & public transport, "he says.
Luis dos Santos, also from Vale da Urra, is back in his daily life.
Whilst grinding some onions, he commented that he had seen the fires stronger and more intense in all his 92 years of life.
Time, he observes, is also & # 39; unregulated & # 39; drawing on & garden; where & # 39; is already running & # 39; burn the sun when they should not burn.
& # 39; Before, in January was winter, then the spring came and we sowed and knew what to do to grow things. Now it's no longer so, ”he notes.
But for Luis dos Santos the biggest cause is another.
"Do you know what the damage is?", He asks, then reacts quietly, almost he does not want to be heard: "The evil of this was eucalyptus."
At 92 Luís had enough memory to remember a chestnut and corkwood that dominated the territory.
"Then the pain came and killed the chestnut trees and cork oaks, and now the eucalyptus has been done with the rest," points out Vinca, where "eucalyptus trees are" the land gives nothing "and the water already begins to fail in the holes of Vale da Urra. close to eucalyptus.
Before saying goodbye to returning to work, he writes to Lusa: & # 39; Write exactly what we are against & # 39; eucalyptus is that it only serves the great, like Celbi and the others. [celuloses]"
& # 39; This before everything was grown, with millions, grain and beans. People came out, the forest appeared, "says Idalina Mendes, also from that village of Vila de Rei, who's out of the fire with a & # 39; difficult to care & & 39; broom in the back of her house.
Dressing in black, with her rosary always on a wrist – she doesn't go out at night – she says she only knew how to turn on saturday "after God".
"God has helped me," he said.
To the way that Vale da Urra connects to Roda, a village already in & # 39; A municipality of Mação, district of Santarém, you can see the capacity of firefighting, with a swath of landscape round a path with pine and eucalyptus that do not respect the 10. meters of fuel management courses.
In Roda the fire went on Sunday and came back on Monday, after they had destroyed a first home.
Maria Teresa, 69 – "one of the youngest" in a village with 25 inhabitants – says it's always been well protected by firefighters "and the calluses of & # 39; a cycling fire in a region also helped calmly.
However, he does not remember a fire with the power of anyone who arrives in the village.
The weather is different, she admits, supported by her sister, Odete.
Although they once had no thermometers to measure temperature, Teresa's sister, who lives in a neighboring village, uses empiricism to confirm climate change: "Today they can do not leave after 10: 00 as 11.00 o'clock, but could not stand ".
In addition, the landscape has changed in the last decades.
& # 39; You know, the forest is now different. It's a lot of eucalyptus and pain, then everything became plants earlier, there were goats, walls, donkeys, the wood was removed from the pine forest, which was cork and chestnut. Not now. Where & # 39; formerly fields of wheat were, today they are eucalyptus trees, "Teresa says.
The inhabitant of Roda has spread small cutters across the area, where they did not even see what survived the flames.
There he never planted anything, but the eucalyptus was naturally installed, says Lusa.
& # 39; I don't even complain. What nature gave me, nature took it from me, ”he says.