According to National Cancer Institute (INCA) data, about 80% of the population of & # 39; a world is influenced by at least one kind of lifelong HPV, and more than 630 million men and women (1:10 people). are infected. In Brazil, 9 to 10 million people are believed to be infected with this virus and 700,000 new cases occur every year.
According to INCA, just about every woman spends 60 minutes of cervical cancer in Brazil: 16,370,000 new cases and 8,079 kill each year. Cervical cancer is the third most common among women in Brazil. It is estimated that for each year of 2018/2019 there will be a risk of 15.43 cases per 100,000 women.
Considering this alarming scenario, it is essential to know and prevent the disease. According to the Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations (FEBRASGO), cervical cancer begins with changes in the cervical region called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). This neoplasm in the uterus is characterized by slow development, which is affected by cervical angiogenesis (when it stimulates tumor cells the formation of new blood vessels that are not needed to deliver the nutrients it's essential for their accelerated growth.
Cervical cancer may be of the following types: Squamous cell carcinoma, those from 70 to 80% of & # 39; make cases; small cells adenocarcinoma and uterine sarcoma, which is a tumor formed from muscle, fat and fibrous tissue. This type of uterine cancer is normally discovered when it is in an advanced stage. Performing preventive tests, such as Pap smears, increases the chance of early diagnosis and healing. Colposcopy and biopsy can also be performed for diagnosis.
For the treatment of cervical cancer, three types of procedures can be performed: surgery (such as cryosurgery, laser surgery, congestion, hysterectomy, tracheectomy, pelvic extraction or pelvic lymph node dissection), gemotherapy and radiotherapy. Preventive vaccination is available to the population via SUS for girls aged 9 to 14 years. Cancer cancer has almost 100% prevalence with vaccination, diagnosis and treatment.