Sunday , January 16 2022

Research: After regaining independence, rye and potato were ruled in Polish agriculture.


After regaining independence from Polish agriculture, the dominant crops were rye and potatoes. The number of horses was 17 times higher than today. These animals were used as a traction force according to the BGŻ BNP Paribas analysis carried out at Poland's 100th anniversary celebration of independence.

Bank BGŻ BNP Paribas Analyst Paweł Wyrzykowski founded the Central Statistical Office shortly after Poland regained independence and published its first publication three years later. About Polish agriculture. However, data on spending and consumption came from the first survey of the family budget for workers since 1927.

This data shows that rye was the most important crop right after World War I (and is now wheat). The cultivation area of ​​the 1921/1922 season was 25 million ha, 4.5 million ha. Cultivable land in Poland. The wheat was in fourth place with cultivation area slightly over 1 million hectares. The difference in yields of this crop is significant. 100 years ago, rye yield increased by 64%. And the wheat has increased by 77%. He added that the sowing area is about 2 million hectares more than at present.

The number of potatoes cultivated at that time was 2.2 million hectares, and by 2017, potatoes were about 320,000. hectare

For 100 years, the number of horses has dropped significantly. In 1921, the population was 3.2 million, 17 times more than in 2017, with a population of 2.18 million, far more than 260,000. In 1921 the cow was 22%. The population of pigs was 5.2 million units in 1921, about 45% smaller. Wyrzykowski is less famous than in 2017.

The food industry was one of the basic sectors of industrial processing in Poland after independence regained. The strongest segment of the food industry employed 36,000 people with sugar refining and sugar refining. people. The raw sugar production for the 1922/1923 season was made in 70 factories and reached 315,000. Tons, 2017 Sugar was produced by 18 plants employing 3.3 thousand people. People produced 2.3 million tons of white sugar.

In the twenties of the last century, hyperinflation occurred in Poland. In January 1923, the most common daily salary of a craftsman in Warsaw is the same as 6.6kg of bread or 12.7ℓ of milk or 0.6kg of butter or 1.9kg of beef or 72.6kg of potatoes. A month later, in January, only 4.2kg of bread, 7.4ℓ of milk, 1.3kg of beef or 29.4kg of potatoes were available.

Food was almost 60% 100 years ago. Total spending – stressed analyst. The first survey of the working class was carried out in 1927 at four industrial centers (Warsaw, Uchi, Zagro D Devroski and Upper Silesia). There were an average of 4.94 workers during this period. For comparison, the average number of employees in 2017 is 3.09.

In 1927, in the working-class households, food accounted for 59.7%. All expenses of such family. Currently, food and non-alcoholic beverage workers consume 23% of their work. All costs.

In 1927, the most money was spent on bread and flour, which accounted for 31.2%. All food costs. The second most important item was meat and fish (16.3% of food spending) and the third most important expenditure on fat (no butter, 11%). Milk consumption was 8%, potatoes and sugar accounted for 6%.

The base of the diet is bread and potatoes. One of the families who worked in 1927 consumed 104kg of bread and 175kg of potatoes. In 2017, one person in the household consumed 40kg of bread and 38kg of potatoes.

Meat eats less than today, most commonly beef. In 1927, it accounted for two-thirds of the total meat consumed in working-class homes. On average, we consumed 12.3 kg of beef per year, 4.4 kg of pork, and 0.3 kg of poultry per person. The meat consumption structure is now completely different.

Currently, poultry is the basic meat consumed in the home. In 2016, one person consumes 16.8 kg of poultry meat, 14.0 kg of pork and 1 kg of beef each year. Wyrzykowski. (PAP)

Author: Anna Wysoczańska

awy / mmu /

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