There is a risk of suffering from addiction and manifesting suicidal behavior. Increase in patients undergoing bariatric surgery to lose weightSaid psychologist Veronica Vázquez of INCMNSZ.
This was revealed by a study conducted by INCMNSZ in Mexico and published in Congress ObesityDespite obesity surgery applied to obesity treatment, it is held in Nashville (USA) to understand why some patients fail to lose weight.
"This process is known to play an important role in weight loss and improvement in complications, but there are patients who do not achieve weight loss and it is important to know what happens to patients who do not progress well," he said.
Experts who are part of the project said the study included 77 patients who underwent a procedure between 2012 and 2016.
According to the results of the study, 80% of the patients had lost more than 50% of their initial body weight, However, the remaining 20% reported that they even felt more hunger after surgery..
"This makes many patients think they are less responsive to satiety. Or they are addicted to food for the pleasure of food, or are unable to distinguish between craving and hunger, "she said.
Others have suffered from anxiety and depression, some with suicidal behavior, and 4% with suicidal behavior, he noted.
"There are people who do not benefit, but because they can not continue to eat before surgery, alcohol consumption can increase because the food does not meet the need for food reimbursement," she said.
The main factor of suicidal desire is appearance "Some of the weight loss patients are hanging from the skin and after the obesity is not comfortable," said the doctor.
Likewise, he said, The impact of weight loss is on personal life. "When you get married, many people can end the divorce.Their eating behavior, self-confidence, and self-esteem change can lead to family problems. "
In this regard, he noted that prior to surgery, 50% of the patients were suffering from anxiety and depression, while the postoperative state was markedly decreased.
Doctors at the Obesity and Diet Disorders Clinic said the study emphasized the importance of comprehensive treatment for obese patients.
"But we have to understand that patients are chronic diseases and that treatment is lifelong, so we have to change our eating habits and improve physical activity," he said.
He isObesity is multidisciplinary and not all patients require psychotherapy.Everyone needs psychological education to understand why they eat what they eat and what they have to do with food, and there they can work better for overweight.
The next task for an expert is to improve the patient's follow-up after surgery to avoid physical recovery and physical and emotional consequences of the surgery.
According to the statistics of the World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 From the world 19 million people over 18 were overweight, and 660 million people were overweight.
Mexico is one of the countries most affected by obesity. According to the 2016 National Health Survey, 36.3% of adolescents and 72.5% of Mexican adults are overweight or obese.