To do physical exercise it is beneficial for our body. It helps us to reduce the risk of disease and a style of promotion Healthy living. Depending on our age, physical condition, goals and disabilities, we can do some type of exercise, but we can always find the one that best suits our characteristics.
As a general rule, we must carry it out routines that will include all kinds of exercises. These are grouped into four broad categories: aerobic, anaerobic, flexibility and mobility, and balance and coordination. In this article, we explain the differences between aerobic and anaerobic exercise.
These two types of exercises refer to the consumption of oxygen which is required or not to release energy from the muscles. Aerobic and anaerobic exercises complement each other in general.
This type of exercise is known as exercise endurance or practice cardiovascular, and occurs when the large muscles of the body move in a rhythmic manner for a long period of time.
Aerobic exercise includes a increased oxygen consumption through the body. To do this, the body needs to increase the rate of breathing and heart rate. It’s what we know as cardio, and helps us to keep our heart, lungs and circulatory system healthy, as well as to improve our cardiorespiratory capacity. Run, run, ride en swim are examples of aerobic exercise.
Aerobic activity can be performed in different intentions. The moderate intensity will increase the speed of your breathing and your heartbeat, but you should be able to continue a conversation. This will also lead to an increase in body temperature, causing slight sweating. An example would be a brisk walk or bike ride.
Accelerate more intense activities breathing, a large increase in heartbeat and of the body temperature. An example would be jogging or circle training.
This kind of exercise reduces the risk of developing many diseasessuch as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, dementia, and even some types of cancer. Physical activity in general has also been shown to reduce the risk of depression.
In this type of exercise, they focus on training strength and power, activities that work the strength, power and size of our muscles. This includes performing exercises High intensity en short duration, generally on a scale of seconds to a few minutes.
Among the exercises of this type that we can do are sprints, weightlifting (with dumbbells as on a bench), resistance exercises on a treadmill and bodyweight lifting exercises such as squats and lunges.
Anaerobic exercise increases the density of bone mass, reduce the natural loss of bone that occurs with age and thus reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Maintaining muscle mass is especially important for older people, as loss of muscle strength can lead to lack of mobility and increase the risk of falls.