There is an increasing number of children who are not vaccinated against serious illnesses that once were serious threats. Recently, a highly contagious viral measles has returned after a 20-year absence from South Carolina.
The baby boomers are well aware of the illness many people contracted during their childhood. However, all vaccines that have been vaccinated through immunization have completely eliminated measles. In 2000, measles was declared removed from the United States.
There are people who refuse vaccination for a variety of reasons, including certainty that religious beliefs and vaccines are the cause of autism. It is a potentially lethal decision.
The Department of Health and Environmental Control has identified six measles in Spartanburg County. DHEC has announced two or more, three or more separate cases since the initial investigation of October.
In the first three cases, DHEC said children were vaccinated, not school age, and did not attend day care. The agency did not announce whether the latter three cases existed for individuals who were not vaccinated.
"The measles virus is highly contagious and spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes," said Dr. Linda Bell, an epidemiologist at DHEC. "The best way to prevent measles is to get vaccinated. I strongly encourage everyone to review their immunization records and keep up to date on all immunizations. "
Nearly every child in the United States in the 1960s had measles before the age of five. Approximately 500 people died of measles each year before vaccination.
Early symptoms of measles include fever, cough, and runny nose. These symptoms occur after about 2 to 4 days. Rashes usually last for 5 to 6 days. Serious complications, including measles, encephalitis, and death, can occur in measles. Complications from viruses can occur in 3 out of 10 cases. Complications are most common in children younger than 5 years, adults over 20 years old, pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems.
Most people fully recover themselves. If you are not simple, you may be more comfortable with infected people if you take a rest on your bed, drink plenty of fluids, and take prescription medicines to reduce fever and headaches. Supportive care is the only treatment for those in need of admission.
The disease is highly contagious and spreads to nine out of ten close contacts who have not been ill or vaccinated early on. When an infected person leaves the hospital, measles virus survives up to 2 hours on the surface and in the atmosphere.
According to DHEC, the measles vaccine included in the measles-influenza-rubella (MMR) vaccine is the best way to protect yourself and others from measles. Approximately 93% of those vaccinated with one dose received permanent protection and approximately 97% received measles vaccination after two inoculations. The vaccine is recommended for all infants aged 12 months. We recommend a second dose between 4 and 6 years old.
Measles vaccination is required to attend day care centers and schools in South Carolina. In the 2016-17 school year, 96% of kindergartners require MMR 2 doses. However, some children do not go to nursery schools or schools, including situations such as home education. These children also need vaccines.
We should not be threatened again by diseases like measles. Vaccines are safe, effective and provide the best protection.