The European Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) conducted 28 epidemiologic surveys in October last year, from September 1 to December 12, in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA).
Over the last 12 months, cases of measles have been reported by all EU and EEA countries. The largest number reported by Greece was 3171, 2792 in France, 2718 in Italy, 1765 in Romania and 1007 in Britain. There were also 38 deaths associated with measles registered in Member States during this period, Arja added.
In Latvia, 65 measles have been reported to the SPKC during this period, but 23 cases have been approved for "measles" since December 18 last year, including six children.
Arah stressed that none of the sick children were immunized against measles, but four had not reached the vaccination age. In three cases, children are infected with what they bite on the trip. Outside Latvia, 9 outbreaks may occur, including two alien residents in total.
As the representative of the SPKC has pointed out, measles outbreaks are associated with reduced coverage.
"To avoid measles outbreaks, scientists and practitioners have proven that at least 95% of people should be vaccinated twice," Arja explained.
She reminded me that measles is a highly contagious disease because the measles virus spreads easily through direct contact with air bubbles among vulnerable people. Larvae spread through air bubbles as well as direct contact. Especially children under the age of 5, adults over 20 years, women with immune deficiency, and pregnant women can become serious diseases because of serious complications.
The SPCC emphasizes that effective and effective control of measles is a safe and effective vaccination. Vaccination against measles, rubella and mumps (MPR) is used for immunizations. Maximum protection requires two vaccinations. As a result, there are two MPRs in the vaccination schedule for children in Latvia and other countries. The first child will have a child at the age of 12-15 months, but in Latvia a booster will be at the age of 7.
For example, according to Arga, who is planning to travel with a baby with a measles country and contacts measles patients, for example, at risk of infection, the first pot should be taken before reaching the age specified in the vaccination calendar, Is recommended. However, you should repeat the jar at 12-15 months, and you should take additional vaccinations according to the vaccination schedule (7 years old).
The SPKC epidemiologist evaluates immunization against polio as relatively good, and this is why the year in which the case of measles was not registered was in Latvia.
At the same time, the SPCC encourages parents to reassess their child's immunization status, especially when traveling internationally.
Analysis of SPCC immunization data showed that vaccination against measles, rubella and infectious mumps was increased from January to June this year compared to the corresponding period in 2017. In the first half of the year, 98.1% of children received the first MPR pot, and 89.5% of children received the second MPR port.