|Hae-rim Kim, professor of rheumatology, Konkuk University Hospital|
The most common symptoms are dry eyes and dry mouth. There are discomfort like sand in the eyes, often redness and photosensitivity, dryness which makes it difficult to eat dry food without water and difficult to talk for a long time, often tooth decay or oral infection.
In addition, dyspareunia can occur due to vagina-dry, dry skin, dry nose, dry cough and voice change due to dry bronchial tubes.
Professor Kim Hae-rim of the Department of Rheumatology at Konkuk University Hospital explained: “Sjogren’s syndrome is most common in middle-aged women, and in addition to dry symptoms, arthritis, skin rash, lung disease, kidney disease, lymphoma, etc.,
The cause of Sjogren’s syndrome has not yet been clearly identified. It is known that various factors, such as genetic predisposition, female hormones, environmental factors, and microorganisms, work together to cause an immune response and cause inflammation.
There is also no fundamental preventive measure. Therefore, it is important to start treatment through an accurate diagnosis at an early stage to avoid complications. For diagnosis, salivary and tear secretion, corneal damage, blood tests, salivary and lacrimal gland ultrasound, and salivary gland biopsy are performed.
Professor Kim Hae-rim said, “There is no cure for Sjogren’s syndrome, but there is a way to use parasympathetic nerve stimuli, artificial tears, or artificial saliva for dry eye syndrome or dry mouth. It is better to get an abnormal dentist and immediately correct oral diseases.
He added: “It is necessary to control medicines that can aggravate dry symptoms, such as diuretics and neuropsychiatric medicines, along with treatment. If this persists, it is necessary to test for lymphoma and reduce the risk of infection by appropriate vaccinations. ”
By Jeong Hee-seok, Personnel Reporter [email protected]