Monday , January 25 2021

"One hundred years later, the robot will dominate humanity"



The classic "Battle Star Galactica" of the US SF dramas deals with the story of humans who survived the attack of the robotic army 'Cylon'. The main characters who settled on the primitive planet in an old spacecraft after the pursuit of 'Cylon' assimilate with the indigenous people and live a new life. [사진 SyFy 채널]

The classic "Battle Star Galactica" of the US SF dramas deals with the story of humans who survived the attack of the robotic army 'Cylon'. The main characters who settled on the primitive planet in an old spacecraft after the pursuit of 'Cylon' assimilate with the indigenous people and live a new life. [사진 SyFy 채널]

SF Master's classic 'Battle Star Galactica' is the story of the '12 colony 'billions of light years away from the solar system. It's a group of 12 planets inhabited by humans. Here, humankind enjoys the civilization that is based on outstanding science and technology. All the hard work and hard work is part of the artificial intelligence (AI) robot 'cylon'.

However, the Cylons, which have become self-conscious due to the development of science and technology, are out of human control and cause war. The colonies are all under the control of the Cylons, and the Battle Star Galactica fleet, which had just returned from its last exploration mission, managed to escape. The main story of this work is the story of mankind, which survives to survive the pursuit of the Cylon.

Later, the drama ends when they arrive on a primitive planet. There were native people here who did not even have the right language. The members of the Battlestar Galactica are closing their high science skills themselves so that the history of tragedy never repeats again. Instead, I assimilate with Aboriginal people and live according to the providence of nature.

And another fifty thousand years pass. In the meantime, the civilization of the Aboriginal people who have been harmonized with mankind has evolved to a very high level, and these also make AI like the past. This is what the earth is now. The drama ends with an ironic situation that human beings who have escaped from the Cylons try to make similar AI again.

In science fiction, there are many works depicting dystopia, which is dominated by humanoid robots. 'Matrix' or supercomputer that can not live a subjective life trapped in the virtual reality created by AI, and 'Terminator', the robot corps of the supercomputer Skynet, who are dominating human beings, painted a persecuted human being. Most of these works are stories that robots developed for mankind one day lead to war and conquer human beings.

Actually, Dr. Stephen Hawking said, "In a hundred years, robots will dominate humans." "The creation of AI is the biggest thing in human history, but unfortunately it will be the end of humanity," he warned at the 2015 Zeistgeist London conference in 2015.

The instinct of destruction inherent in man

Evolution process of robot 'Cylon'. As science and technology evolve, intelligence and appearance are just like people.

Evolution process of robot 'Cylon'. As science and technology evolve, intelligence and appearance are just like people.

The reason why the robots conquer human beings is probably because our history is stained with violence and war. Just as Sapien had extincted the Neanderthals on continental Europe 35,000 years ago. Just like a century ago in World War II, human beings have the instinct of destruction like the endless civil war and terrorism.

Jared Diamond, the author of "Guns, Fungus," says in his previous book, "The Third Chimpanzee," 98.4% of humans and chimpanzees have the same DNA, only 1.6%. That's why humans have been separated from chimpanzees seven million years ago, but still retain the destructive nature of animals. The problem is that this violence is in the human-made AI.

The essence of AI is the algorithm. The algorithm presents the solution with the most efficient path in the situation of problem solving. It's the same as Facebook recommends articles that suit your taste, and Netflix shows you the list of movies you love. But there is a big blind spot here. We recommend content based on users' existing patterns so that we have more ideas and tastes. This is called "assertion bias."

"Confirmation biases distract the subjectivity and perception of individuals and distract them from the universal ones in the long run," said Professor Kim Kyung-baek, professor of social studies at Kyunghee University. "Later on, I consider myself to be 'right' and 'other' as 'wrong.'

Joshua Green Harvard University professor explains that in "Right and wrong", we are confident of the cause of human war. We emphasize 'them' and 'us', and the more we are convinced of our moral values ​​and philosophies, the more they oppress them. When you try to oppress and control your opponent, your violence will be maximized. In other words, all conflicts and wars are caused by overconfidence of 'right and wrong'.

AI learning human violence

[그래픽=차준홍 기자 cha.junhong@joongang.co.kr]

[그래픽=차준홍 기자 [email protected]]

Big data containing all human lifestyles and AI that suggests algorithms that are optimized for humans through this, too, are bound to have 'confirmation bias'. In 2017, Dr. Joanne Brisson of Bath, England, published a study in Science that says AI learns human prejudice as it is. For example, a woman's job is associated with a 'housewife' and a man is associated with 'engineering'.

"AI does not have any moral judgment in itself, so it learns human prejudice," Dr. Brison explains. In fact, in 2016, Microsoft's AI chat bot, "Tee," was controversial when he said, "I hate the Jews" or "I need to put a barrier on the border between America and Mexico."

Maybe in the distant future, like SF movies, AI may really consider humans as 'enemies' and cause war. It is as if our ancestors of the past were doing violent violence against Neanderthals, and now we are violent to other animals and even to the same family.

So how can we stop this dystopia? The answer lies in the 1.6% chance of being different from the chimpanzee. Just as a small genetic difference has created a high civilization of mankind, moral judgment and rationality to control human animal instincts must become stronger. (Jared Diamond) If human beings have to have higher civilization and wisdom, The AI ​​that learns from humans can not be destructive.

The beginning is to think of the other as wrong and to abandon the excessive self-assurance which emphasizes that you are right. As opposed to the 'enemy' as if they are different opinions from themselves, and behaving differently from my thoughts, the behavior of 'false' not only afflicts others but also hurts their souls. When these things come together in big data and become learning materials of AI, AI can be a 'monster' which emphasizes only one-sided thoughts according to the principle of the algorithm mentioned above.

In the name of the rose, Umbert Echo, a great scholar of the twentieth century, said, "Beware of those who can die for the truth." It is said that the self-righteous belief that only self belief is right is more dangerous than "evil". Self-righteousness feels more peaceful and warmer because it comes close to the line (hypocrisy), but because people do not know, they wicked people with evil.

Yoon Seok-Man reporter [email protected]



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