Wednesday , October 27 2021

"Healthy pamphlet from the 50s with pneumonia vaccination!"



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South Korea's death toll 4th place · 8th consecutive year increase in mortality rate 1st place Pneumonia, mortality rate rapidly increase from 50's1,2,3,4,5

Patients with chronic disease and those with cancer have a higher risk of developing pneumonia, the Korea Institute of Infectious Diseases recommends vaccination against pneumococcal disease9,16

Pneumonia in Korea, the fourth leading cause of death in Korea,5

November 12 is World Pneumonia Day.17

The World Pneumonia Day began in 2009 to protect children from pneumonia and to seek the best prevention and treatment of pneumonia. Over the past decade, the Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia, Has been promoting various campaigns around the world.17 In recent years, the mortality rate of pneumonia has increased in the elderly, especially in the adult population.18

The pneumonia mortality rate has more than tripled in recent years (9.4% in 2007 and 37.8% in 2017), showing the steepest increase in mortality among the top 10 deaths among Koreans.1-5 Pneumonia last year (2017) was the fourth leading cause of death in Korea,5 This is the number one increase in mortality rate for the eighth consecutive year.1-5 In particular, the death rate of pneumonia in the 40s was only 1.5 per 100,000 people, but it increased sharply from 50 to 6.2, reaching 846.7 people in their 80s.5

Diabetes, COPD and other chronic illnesses and cancer patients experience immune suppression, the incidence of pneumonia up to 9.8 times higher9

In the 50s, the prevalence of chronic diseases also increases sharply,8 Patients with chronic illness have a 9.8-fold higher risk of developing pneumonia than healthy adults.9 (Chronic heart disease 3.8-5.1 times, chronic lung disease 7.7-9.8 times, diabetes 2.8-3.1 times)9 Particularly, in the case of diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), more than 50 generations account for the majority of patients10,11 The importance of preventing pneumonia has also been increasing. The Korean Diabetes Association and the Korean Society of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Society recommend a vaccination against pneumococcal disease in patients with diabetes and COPD.12,13

Cancer sufferers and immunocompromised persons also had a 7.1-fold higher risk of developing pneumonia.9 Two out of 100 patients who underwent cancer surgery developed post-operative pneumonia, and the incidence of pneumonia was 7.97% in patients who underwent surgery for lung cancer.14[1] In addition, according to the 2017 mortality statistics, the death rate of pneumonia is 37.8 per 100,000 people, which is higher than the death rate of lung cancer (35.1 per 100,000 people).14

The Korean Society of Infectious Diseases, Chronic disease patients over 65 and over 18 years,16

Pneumonia is not only a high mortality but also a major burden of treatment. In 2017, pneumonia was the third most common disease in South Korea, and more than 2 202,000 won was paid per pneumonia patient.6 The Infection Society recommends vaccination against pneumococci in adults 65 years of age and over, chronic patients with chronic illness, and immunocompromised persons through the revised Guidelines for Adult Immunization Recommendations.16

In particular, chronic patients over 18 years of age are recommended to inoculate the 13-pneumococcal conjugate vaccine among the two pneumococcal vaccines in order to prevent effective pneumonia. In healthy older adults aged 65 years or older, 13 pneumococcal protein conjugation vaccines or 23 Inoculation of a pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is recommended.16

* A retrospective study of 2,000 patients who underwent surgery within 6 months after diagnosis of 5 solid tumors (lung cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer) with the highest prevalence in Korea


References

1 National Statistical Office, 2010 Death Cause Statistics, 2011.9

2 National Statistical Office, 2012 Cause of Death Statistics, 2013.9

3 National Statistical Office, 2014 Cause of Death Statistics, 2015.9

4 National Statistical Office, 2016 Cause of Death Statistics, 2078.9

5 Statistics Korea, 2017 Cause of Death Statistics, 2018.9

6 Health Insurance Evaluation and Evaluation Center, 2017 Medical Statistics Statistics Index, 2018.3

7 Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, Interests Statistics _ Pneumonia, 2017

8 Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, 2014 Korea Medical Panel Basic Analysis Report, 2016.12

9 Shea KM, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2014; 1

10 Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, Statistics of Diseases of Interest _ Number of diabetic patients, 2017

11 Health Insurance Review and Evaluation Center, Statistical Disease Statistics _COPD Patients, 2017

12 Korean Diabetes Association, 2015 Diabetes Management Guidelines, 2015

13 Korea Tuberculosis and Respiratory Society, 2018 COPD Clinical Practice Guideline, 2018

14 J Jung et al., Incidence and risk factors of postmenopausal pneumonia following cancer screening for adult patients with selected solid tumors: results of "Cancer POP" study, Cancer Medicine 2018; 7 (1): 261-269

16 Korea Infection Society, 2014 Adult Immunization Guidelines, 2014

18 Health Insurance Evaluation and Evaluation Center 4 copies, [보도자료] Please pay more attention to pneumonia as you are older than 50. 2017.5.30

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