Tuesday , May 30 2023

The mayoral election in Jerusalem reveals a religious-secular gap.


Jerusalem – A young Israeli businessman, Guyoz Golan, who just moved to Tel Aviv, who is registered as a voter in Jerusalem, plans to visit the city on Tuesday to vote for worldly candidate Ofer Berkovitch, who competed in nomadic elections on November 13 Wolf.

"Like all the other Jerusalem elections, this election reflects a conflict between secularism and the Orthodox Church," Golan said on Friday afternoon afternoon, drinking coffee with his brother Colin at an outdoor cafe just before the Jewish Sabbath.

The clash between Orthodox Jews, Berkovitch and Moshe Lion, focuses on religious issues, including the sabbatical limitation of the Israeli capital. The city's Haredi or Orthodox Jews must complete a rest for 25 hours, centered around the Jewish West Jerusalem, including the nightclubs, bars and cinemas currently open.

"I do not want to be opposed to religion or religious people, but to public transport and open-minded markets for the Sabbath," Golan insisted on using the Hebrew word on the Sabbath.

According to reports, Lions, who have been sponsored by the Haredi rabbis and politicians, have pledged to build homes for the ultra-orthodox sector in religious and secular mixed religious areas. He vowed to oppose public transportation on the Sabbath and not attend the city's annual Gay Pride March or participate in a panel of Reformed Synagogues.

Berkovitch promised exact opposition.

Gilad Malach, director of the Orthodox Church Program at the Israel Democracy Institute, said that some of the hostility between the Orthodox community and other communities is due to the city's long-standing housing shortage, said.

Israel's Far Eastern Orthodox families have an average of seven children and the average number of children is three.

"Haredim is moving into a religiously mixed area and changing the mood by opening up extreme Orthodox congregations and synagogues, sometimes strolling down the streets, or imposing unofficial dress codes on women," Malach said. Religious and secular inhabitants are ultimately afraid of not feeling at home in their own neighbors. "

Yossi Klein Halevi, a senior researcher at the Shalom Hartman Institute, agreed that the Biheradi Jews "fear Jerusalem, the capital of Israel's secular state, to harm them".

He warned that the victory of Herredi will increase the flight of young Biherdi residents who make up the city's future deterrent, revitalize the vibrant art scene and attend world-class universities.

About 60% of the population in Jerusalem is Jewish. About half are haredi, and the rest are secular, traditional or modern Orthodox.

The remaining 40% are Arabs, about 99% Muslims and 1% Christians. Most are abiding by a decree that the Palestinian leadership will not participate in the Israeli election.

Anat Hoffman, executive director of the Israel Religious Action Center, the political arm of the Israeli Reform Movement, often embarrasses a "missed opportunity" for religion that is used as an inspiration for reconciliation in a divided city do.

He pointed out that religion is used in the most negative way instead of being regarded as a positive common denominator among us. "Candidates have asked municipalities to stop religious services for Christians without hanging the flag of the Gay Pride Parade, and they are being used to reduce other people's choices in life."

The rhetoric around the runoff was sometimes offended.

Home Secretary Aryeh Deri, a leader of the Lion-backed Haredi Party, called Berkovitch a demon in a video on Sunday at a political rally and claimed that a secular candidate would "blaspheme Jerusalem" if elected.

Deri said, "All the great rabbis of Israel [Lion] Against a religionist candidate who literally transforms Jerusalem and turns our holy city into a city of some other city. "

Mordechai Cohen, haredi yeshiva has a full-time student.

"Israel is full of cities, but there is only one Jerusalem, and the holy city of Jews has prayed and died for centuries, and foreign armies have searched our sacred temple and destroyed our synagogues and ancient cemeteries. It has always been there within our ability to turn Jerusalem into a religious sanctuary, "Cohen said.

Colin Golan, brother of Guyoz, said he wants to maintain the special character of Jerusalem, but does not want to sacrifice non-Orthodox residents.

"I can do pretty much what I can do on Saturday, but poor people who can not afford to buy a car can not visit my grandmother on break because there is no public transportation," he said.

The Golan brothers said most of their friends left Jerusalem seeking a more secular way of life.

Colin Golan said, "Young people want to stay here, but Jerusalem is almost lost in terms of religious freedom."

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