Eight years after President John F. Kennedy announced his ambition to send people to the Moon, this longing realized through Apollo 11.
But the bitter pill had to be swallowed by the American population, after the tragic murder of Kennedy in 1963 and had no time to realize his dream. Under the leadership of Richard Nixon, the FS strives for the & # 39; Number one country & # 39; to be in space. The FS desperate revenge on the defeat of the Soviet Union's successful first man in & # 39; sending space, Yuri Gagarin.
After the mission of Apollo 11 was terminated, the superpower still survived with human delivery programs of other moods, including Apollo 12, Apollo 14, Apollo 15, Apollo 16, and Apollo 17. The five of them delivered successful people at a month. Everything explores the country of the month.
But the Apollo mission can only survive until number 17. Then NASA seems to be choosing a long journey from & # 39; a great achievement from a human being.
Since then, no astronaut has ever returned to the earthly satellite, though many cars and robots sent to the Moon to investigate or simply explore, in the hope of finding some news. But these machines are unmanned.
In fact, NASA has built several manned projects since the Apollo end, including the Constellation Program, in the & # 39; middle of & # 39; e 2000s. Unfortunately, none of these programs are capable of traveling the far distance.
That's why NASA processed in the past the whole Apollo mission in & # 39; t past, but not now? What distinguishes Apollo now from its mission?
While NASA's focus has also changed. This US government space agency seems to have & # 39; target & # 39; to change: send people to Mars.
Yes, NASA intends to send its best astronaut to Mars in its future. According to official information on its site, NASA wants to bring people to the Red Planet in 2033.
Although never one person has succeeded in climbing Mars, a number of explorers have managed to land there, to investigate the soil and to survive other elements that have survived. things can support.
Even though it is interesting to think about people who can live on Mars, the reality is that they will have many problems during their exploration.
Variety of long-lasting dust storms, very high levels of sunlight, up to good food provision and support for overall health.
Can we send people to Mars in the next 10 years?
Astronauts have to travel a long way to get to Mars. Before the flight is carried out, they need to consider the location of the planets in the solar system in detail, so that the distance between the planets always changes when they encircle the sun.
While the average distance between Mars and Earth is 140 million miles, the distance between them is increasingly close to each other, depending on their position around one's sun. Earth and Mars are in close proximity to Mars in & # 39; the closest position is to the sun – and the Earth is in & # 39; the furthest position is & # 39; e sun.
At that time, the two planets would be 33.9 million miles apart. As planets on the opposite side of & # 39; They are located at a distance of 250 million miles from each other.
According to NASA, the ideal launch after Mars will last about nine months. In the same way, travel time returns to Earth. This has not been added to & # 39; length of & # 39; a time they lived on Mars.
"The next ten years it is pessimistic. This means … The month is only 384,400 kilometers, while Mars may vary. It may be a maximum of 210 million kilometers or more, depending on the orbital period at that time. trip to the month can be reached in only three days, although to Mars at least six months, maximum two years, "explained the observer of astronomer Ma & # 39; rufin Sudibyo Liputan6.com on tuesday (7/23/2019).
Many obstacles have to be faced by astronauts to go to Mars. It's hard, it's not easy, and the astronauts need to understand this. People who go to the Month will experience unconstrained circumstances, but that will only happen for three days and are relatively easy to overcome.
Although somebody is on Mars, he will experience six-week-free gravity conditions, which is also the minimum, so he can strongly affect his body.
"The mass of our bodies is largely regulated by the gravity of the earth, such as blood circulation, bony light, and the digestive system. If it's not a force, everything that will be disturbed." "R is one study that states" as long as astronauts are in space, he loses one mass per month, "explained rufin.
Besides being severely restricted, it's another obstacle that scientists have to overcome, namely, ways to find food for astronauts. If the two vital things are overcome, then it may cause people on Mars to land safely.
"It means landing as a normal person, exploring Mars as a normal person, then returning to Earth as a normal person. But if we don't pay attention to the important points, just keep flying, and think everything there is is happening to you, it is impossible, "Ma rufin explained, who is also an astronomer at the National Rehabilitation and Rukyat Agency of the Ministry of Religion.