The way for the billion-dollar digital pact for the schools is free – at least in the Bundestag. After long strifes, the Bundestag fractions of the Union, the SPD, the FDP and the Greens agreed on a fundamental law change that the great coalition had made for the prerequisite for the pact. A corresponding joint statement issued the four fractions on Friday afternoon in Berlin.
SPD Group leader Andrea Nahles said: "We have been enforced by the fact that the federal government can invest in the quality and equipment of schools in all municipalities in Germany. Finally, all schools in Germany can get good digital equipment everywhere – fast internet, tablet, staff training. The so-called ban on cooperation has been overthrown. "FDP chief Christian Lindner said that" the door opened for reform of educational federalism ". The Green Chairman, Katrin Göring-Eckardt, called the compromise achieved as a "building block for more equality for pupils". Union Women's Guide, Nadine Schön said, was the way for free digital education in Germany.
Does the Federal Council make it?
The first program will now be implemented by the already-agreed digital pact of five billion euros. The Bundestag will decide to change the next week, requiring a two-thirds majority. After that, the federal Council still has to agree. In particular, Baden-Württemberg, NRW and Saxony have recently turned against a fundamental law change.
The Lower Saxon Prime Minister Stephan Weil (SPD), on the other hand, welcomed the Bundestag resolution. "I have never been a boyfriend of the ban on co-operation, and I'm very pleased that future federal investments in schools should be possible again," he said to the day's mirror. "We need a lot of money to provide reasonable school facilities, good digital equipment and more pedagogical staff to our children and adolescents." A good education for all children and adolescents is a nationwide task. "I'm confident that The federal government will continue to engage in intensively financially, while at the same time respecting the education of the countries. "Berlins School Senator Sandra Scheeres (SPD) welcomed the agreement, the digitization of schools is" one of the great future tasks. We want to get as fast as possible. "
By contrast, Baden-Württemberg's Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann (Green) said that his country would not agree on the fundamental law change. "We will reject these plans in the federal council and go back to other countries," he said. It will interfere in the core of the countries, namely in the field of culture. "To equip the education area better, it is absolutely necessary. But the road is wrong. "Instead, he wants a distribution of tax in favor of the countries and the local authorities.
Media Trainer for Pupils and Teachers
Strictly, between governments and the opposition was concluded, as far as the ban on cooperation was actually loosened. FDP and Green wanted the federal government to invest not only in the infrastructure of schools in all municipalities – as proposed by the coalition, but also in personnel. Article 104c should now be amended in such a way as to allow the Federal Government to "grant financial assistance to government-funded investment, as well as direct costs related to municipal education infrastructure", in order to ensure the quality and performance of education. Because of cost but not "cost", the federal government can now invest in "pedagogical heads and in training", Lindner said. The success of FDP and Green's initiative is also that the quality and effectiveness of education are being addressed.
According to Göring-Eckardt, mediators from pupils and teachers can be funded by means of media education. Lindner and Göring-Eckardt, however, emphasized that it is now important for the large coalition to use the opportunity to "invest in heads" in the Digital Pact. Also from the SPD it was said Friday that the "compromise" and "service personnel" found in the case of the Digital Pack, for example, could also be used as maintenance personnel for computers.
Landkreistag rejects: Constitution scrap
The money is largely beneficial to the municipalities because they are also responsible for the infrastructure as a support provider. However, the Landkreistag was critical of the fundamental law change. The chief executive Hans-Günter Henneke spoke of "constitutional scrutiny". He fears a significant "loss of responsibility" on the spot if the federal funds are usually linked to the requirements. "What the councils need is a strengthening or at least retaining decentralized power." It is a failure that the billion of the federal government would "improve the educational situation in the country with a jerk". The circles are, depending on the country, college trainees in vocational schools, high schools and primary schools.
At the address of the Federal Council, most of the countries will be confronting the change of constitution, Henneke said, "It is incredible how the countries are sewing more and more on the branch they are sitting on." Education is essentially the cause of countries and municipalities. As Baden-Württemberg's Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann (Green), Henneke also demanded that the investments in the digitization of schools have to be regulated by a redistribution of taxes between the federal, state and local authorities, and not on the fundamental change of the law that should increase the influence of the federal government.
Digital Pact is also content
The content of the digital pact is now the last hurdle – the design was also controversial as the fundamental law change. In this way, the connection of schools to the broadband network is now to be paid out from programs of the Federal Ministry of Transport (BMVI), the day-to-day mirrors from government circles. There are already similar BMVI programs, but they need to be expanded to make schools available in all regions. Whether that really happened, was until recently open. Above all, countries such as Berlin and Hamburg, which have not benefited from the programs, have made themselves strong.
Networking within the schoolhouse, on the other hand, is supported by the Digital Pact – especially WLAN equipment, school servers and new learning platforms. Schools to make the technique suitable for the 21st century are the main focus of the Pact. In schools that already have this modern IT infrastructure, end devices can also be promoted: laptops, notebooks and tablets, but not smartphones. For this purpose, there is a maximum of 25,000 euros per single school, or 20 percent of the total investment volume for all schools of a school-sponsor.
Berlin gets 51 million euros a year
The Bund-Länder Agreement on the Digital Pact will be signed on 6 December, regardless of whether the Basic Law Act has already been adopted in the Bundestag and the Federal Council. The fact that the funds – totaling five billion euros – are to be paid after the "Königsteiner Schlüssel" has long been firmly established. This explains how each of the countries will consider common programs. Parameters are the tax returns and the population of the countries. NRW as the largest country would thus receive 1.05 billion euros, Bavaria 770 million euros, Baden-Württemberg 650 million euros. Berlin can expect 51 million euros a year, with a total of 255 million euros over the next five years. Countries pay ten percent of the countries. The Digital Pact had already agreed with the countries that the former Federal Minister of Education Johanna Wanka (CDU) had been two years ago.