New York (CNN) – The 5 – minute questionnaire can predict the risk of developing dementia for up to 10 years until symptoms appear, the researchers said.
According to a study by UCL (University College London) scientists, this test, which analyzes the pulse waves in the blood vessels in the neck, could be part of a routine test for cognitive decline, the American Heart Association's annual science conference.
Approximately 3,200 patients between the ages of 58 and 74 received an ultrasound examination in 2002 before monitoring cognitive function for 14 years from 2002 to 2016.
Those with the most severe pulse indicate a larger, irregular blood flow, and the probability of cognitive decline is up to 50% higher, the researchers said. A blood vessel network because the force of blood entering the brain damaged the brain.
The arteries around the heart become worse when worn by appetite, lifestyle factors such as drug use, and can no longer "buffer" the blood coming from the heart.
"You [the risk] Middle-aged people stimulate people to change their lifestyles. "Said Dr. Scott Chiesa, postdoctoral researcher at UCL.
"Good for the arteries is good for the brain," he summarized his findings. "Dementia is not an inevitable cause of aging, but your life has a real influence on how quickly your condition can fall."
If the discovery is confirmed by a larger study, they could improve the ability to detect dementia in the middle years extensively.
And the scan is "set well for routine testing," Chiesa said. "It can be done very easily and very quickly."
When in good health, the arteries around the heart regulate the blood that is pumped from the organs, allowing it to flow smoothly to the brain at a constant rate.
However, damage to arteries means that blood flows more aggressively and irregularly through the blood vessels and the brain, which can damage the blood vessels and cellular networks. Over time, researchers believe that participants in this study have fallen more often to reduced cognitive frequencies.
"What we know is that the brain's blood supply is very important, and maintaining a healthy heart and blood pressure is a low risk of dementia," said Carol Routledge, UK research director at Alzheimer Research. I was not involved in the study.
Studies show that vascular dementia is directly triggered by reduced blood flow to the brain, which can also play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. These two conditions account for the majority of dementia.
Dementia is a generic term used to describe symptoms associated with loss of brain function. Alzheimer's and vascular dementia are the majority.
According to the World Health Organization, approximately 50 million people worldwide suffer from dementia and are expected to increase to 152 million by 2050.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the biggest cause of death in the United States is heart disease, while the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the sixth leading cause of death among all adults. Country statistics.
The results of this study showed that the dementia organization was cautiously optimistic.
"Getting diagnosed with dementia is time-consuming and can be quite frustrating for many people, so I promise that an early indicator of cognitive decline is under development," said Paul Edwards, director of Clinical Services, Dementia UK.
However, he added, the focus should be on patients with dementia diagnosed with dementia. "An elephant in the room lacks support for people and their families once they are diagnosed with dementia."
There is no cure for dementia yet, but you can temporarily treat your symptoms.
"Often, when a diagnosis is made, people are sent home without any information, no follow-up appointments, and no clue as to what's going to happen next."
Earlier studies this year have linked dementia risk to lifestyle factors such as alcohol consumption and fitness levels, but the effects are largely untreatable.
More research is needed to determine whether neck examinations should be part of routine tests of dementia.
"Although these findings are interesting, it is difficult to assess how useful this kind of scan can be because the full data for this study have not yet been published," Routledge said.
Routledge says current evidence suggests that drinking alcohol, staying active, staying active, monitoring cholesterol levels, and eating a balanced diet can help the health of the heart and brain without smoking, and within the recommended limits.