Tuesday , January 31 2023

Nigeria: Healthy Eating, Diabetes Mellitus


On Wednesday, as the world greeted Diabetes Day, readers were encouraged to eat healthy foods by eating fresh fruits and vegetables.

They should also try to avoid / reduce local food for at least 30 minutes each day. Having routine health checkups is another important factor.

Doctors explain that diabetes is a chronic, non-communicable disease, which has a constant blood sugar rise and hyperglycemia. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas, the human organ, fails to produce enough insulin to cause type 1 diabetes or when the body can not effectively use insulin, leading to type 2 diabetes.

Dr Modupe Akinyinka, a senior lecturer and consultant for public health at the Lagos State University School of Medicine's (LASUCOM) Regional Health and Primary Health Care Department, explained that insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar.

"Hyperglycemia and elevated blood glucose levels are a common consequence of uncontrolled diabetes that causes severe damage to many body systems, particularly nerves and blood vessels, over time.

Acinyinka can help prevent diabetes by encouraging governments to promote healthy eating and exercise through public health campaigns, and by creating environments such as walking or biking, people are consuming more cigarettes You must abide by the "Smoking in public" laws.

She said, "The cause of type 1 diabetes is not clear, but the risk factors for type 2 diabetes are overweight, obesity and lack of exercise, and gestational diabetes is known as gestational diabetes.

"Symptoms of diabetes include urine (polyuria, thirst), thirst, high intake, persistent starvation, weight loss, changes in vision and fatigue.

"Type 1 diabetes is more common in young people, while type 2, commonly used in adults, is commonly used by young people, depending on their lifestyle. Women may have more dangerous factors, such as being more obese Diabetes in men and women depends on different populations.

"Prevention of diabetes requires weight control and weight control, avoiding the intake of sugar and saturated fats and smoking cigarettes. Smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Dr Chukwuma Ogunbor, a consultant family, explained that the cause can be classified into four main groups according to the cause.

"For example, type 1 diabetes, as a result of the body's immune system, usually protects the body from the sun and attacks the pancreas, an organ that produces insulin, which interferes with the intake, There is a strong genetic predisposition that is common in children, adolescents and adolescents due to the use of adequate blood sugar and accounts for about 10% of diabetic patients.

The second group is Type 2 diabetes, a disease that has a significant impact on the lifestyles of many modern society members, increasing in age, obesity, ethnicity and family history to the epidemic. diabetes.

"Insulin resistance can easily catch a condition known as insulin dysfunction, meaning that insulin action does not work properly to remove glucose in the blood and accounts for 90% of diabetes.

Diabetes can be caused by pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cysts, and tumors. It can also be caused by medications such as antihypertensives, beta blockers, thiazides, steroids, anticonvulsants such as hynetoin, immunosuppressants, and antipsychotics.

The third group is gestational diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how you use glucose in your gestations. Gestational diabetes causes hyperglycemia that can affect pregnancy and your baby's health.

However, you can control your health by eating healthy foods, exercising, and taking medications prescribed by your doctor if necessary. Blood sugar control can make birth difficult and keep the patient and baby healthy.

"Blood sugar usually returns to normal immediately after delivery. If a patient has a history of gestational diabetes, there is a risk of type 2 diabetes.

"The fourth group is the uncontrollable blood sugar of people who are infected with heart disease, heart attack, kidney disease, blindness, impotence, tingling in the limbs and anesthesia, stroke, and infections that can cause a plague of infections and leg ulcers. Or go to the point where truncation can be considered. "

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