Diabetes is a serious lifelong illness that anyone can suffer.
that is 422 million They live with diabetics four times more than 40 years ago. The World Health Organization (WHO).
Diabetes occurs when the body can not handle all sugar or glucose in the bloodstream.
Glucose is not bad, it is the fuel of every cell in the body.
Some tissues that can use this glucose require insulin action, which is a hormone in the pancreas that promotes glucose into the cells, which can turn glucose into energy.
- There are five types of diabetes, but not two. It can change the way you treat your illness, affecting one out of every 11 people in the world.
- This is another incredible cause of type 2 diabetes that I have never thought of.
Complications of diabetes can lead to heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney failure and limb amputation.
Despite the risks, many people with diabetes do not know that. However, changes in lifestyle can prevent it in many cases.
On the World Diabetes Day commemorated on November 14, we People doubt Google the most about diabetes And We asked three experts.
1) What are the first symptoms of diabetes? ¿Y children?
"Usually doctors warn you that you are a type 2 diabetic, based on the results of a laboratory test that measures your blood sugar." Most people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms, and they are most common in people with type 1 diabetes who stay at very high levels for years.
Fatigue, thirst, hunger, excessive urination, blurred vision and weight loss. "- Victor Montori, an endocrinologist of diabetes at the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
"In children, the type of diabetes is often type 1. Symptoms usually appear more intense and short-lived with severe thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, fatigue, etc. They have made sleepiness in a habitual way." – José Agustín Mesa Pérez, an endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"In recent decades, we have seen a remarkable increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents, which is related to obesity and sit-down habits." Dr. Fabiana Vazquez, member of the Argentine Diabetes Association.
- One in 11 people worldwide are already suffering from diabetes and WHO
2) When is the blood sugar level dangerous?
"Fasting, the normal level of blood sugar is 70-110 milligrams / dl." After meals these levels rise, but insulin allows a quick return to normal range (usually 2 hours 180 mg / dL greater than 2 If it lasts for more than a period of time, it is toxic to the cells and repeated several times can cause permanent damage, especially in the kidneys, eyes, heart and nerves of the kidneys. "
"In the long term, a high value would affect the whole organism, so diabetics should maintain blood glucose levels between 70 and 180 mg / dl per day." – Dr. Fabiana Vazquez, member of the Argentine Diabetes Association.
"People with type 2 diabetes can begin to dehydrate if their sugar level is above 200 mg / dL, but those with no other problems can maintain a high level of sugar at very high risk, above 300 mg / dL, You need to be careful. "- Victor Montori, an endocrinologist of diabetes at the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
"You should also talk about value, and even people with complications should avoid people with diabetes who fall below 70 mg / dl in fasting and postprandial glucose levels." – José Agustín Mesa Pérez, an endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
3) What is the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes?
"There are four types of diabetes classification, but they are actually represented by type 1 or type 2. Type 1 is usually found in young people under 30 years of age and has no genetic history of diabetes."
"Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults over 40 years of age who are very much related to overweight or obesity. Waist circumference is 80 cm or more for women and 90 cm for waist circumference. For men, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, It is associated with other risk factors such as fatty liver. "- José Agustín Mesa Pérez, an endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"In Type 1 diabetes, proper use of insulin (a difficult and costly job) can sustain life without limit." Type 2 diabetics can control mild and abnormal conditions. It goes well with diet, exercise, stress management, drugs (pills, injections, insulin). "- Victor Montori, an endocrinologist of diabetes at the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
- Try yourself! Do you have a risk of diabetes?
4) Is there a cure for diabetes? Can you avoid it?
"You can not cure diabetes, but if you can control it, you can lead a normal life. There is no way to know how to avoid one person with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes has very specific triggers and needs to maintain weight Proper, healthy, balanced meals and regular exercise can prevent or delay the onset of people with genetic predisposition. "- Dr. Fabiana Vazquez, member of the Argentine Diabetes Association.
"Pancreas transplantation is often an aggressive alternative to insulin deficiency in type 1 diabetes." – Victor Montori, an endocrinologist of diabetes at the Mayo Clinic in the United States.
"There is no cure, and you have to be very cautious about the promising liars and crows, but the more complicated the chronic illness is, the sooner you will be diagnosed and concentrate on reducing the risk factors,José Agustín Mesa Pérez, an endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
5) What foods cause diabetes?
"No one has the food to develop diabetes itself, it is necessary to save energy for prehistoric people to live and achieve through the mechanisms of insulin savings," he says.
"Over time, however, problems began to emerge as the availability of food increased. Excess energy consumption started with industrial development, and canned foods were no longer digestible and no longer natural foods. Calories accumulated in fat tissue, liver and other structures And chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cancer, etc. –José Agustín Mesa Pérez, an endocrinologist and president of the Latin American Diabetes Association.
"Proper intake of vegetables and fruits can help balance diet and integrate natural antioxidants to help prevent diabetes."
"A fat-rich diet has shown that simple carbohydrates (sugars) and manufactured foods are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, especially when it comes to animal origin. The excess of fast food and snacks means that we have children with type 2 diabetes Causes of a larger frequency to discover " Dr. Fabiana Vazquez, member of the Argentine Diabetes Association.
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