On April 13, Geely Automobile signed an agreement with the organizing committee of & # 39; s 19th Asians in & # 39; e 2022 official official official partner of the Hangzhou Asian Games. At the same time,Geely informed that, until 2020, the mass production of L3 level realizes autonomous driving technology on a global scale. In & # 39; run from & # 39; a time when the Hangzhou Asian Games are held in 2022, Geely begins a self-propelled shuttle bus with the highest L5 rating and the GKUI intelligent network drive for the Asian Games Park.This plan draws the important nodes for independent markets to go the automatic bike.
According to the International Automotive Engineers (SAE) standards for car drivers, L3 shows that the automated system can perform certain driving tasks and control the route environment under certain conditions, but the driver must be prepared to control to get the bikes back. .
At present, most domestic auto-fires are at the L2 level of automatic cycling. Much of & # 39; The reason for limiting the higher-level autopilot technique is the cost of hardware such as laser radar and the protection of car security. As a result, car companies are now more willing to use the car with ADAS hardware and software to improve active security.
But for higher-level autonomous territories, car companies are also fully discoverable.
In a gradient path, foreign fires usually use L3 autopilot as their primary target, and then follow L4 and L5. At the same time, there are also some car companies planning to jump directly from L2 to L5. In any case, in the realization of this goal, closed scenes such as logistics parks and road cars are the first ideal places for high-level automatic cycling.
Do autonomous rides in ten years
Geely plans to realize automated driving in a total of ten years.
This plan was made clear in May 2017. At that time, Geely has postponed the "four-step" autopilot G-pilot strategy, delaying a technical plan of G-Pilot 1.0 to G-Pilot 4.0, and saying it would realize a high autopilot after 2020.
The so-called G-Pilot, Geely Auto Autopilot Technology Path Planning, is also officially a 10-year card for Geely's smart technology. This refers to the start of a Borui model in 2014. It is expected that by 2020 a high degree of automatic cycling will be achieved, and the G-Pilot system will be sent to a new elevation by 2024.
Geely G-Pilot 1.0 uses primary ACC adaptation crises, AEB automatic disruption, LDW delivery and other features, especially used in Geely Borui, Bo Yue, Dorsett GS, Emgrand GL and other models.
In G-Pilot 2.0 phase, cycling of vertical and horizontal dynamic matrices can be realized, and improve sensitivity and reliability of & # 39; an environment by multydensus data fusion technology. According to reports, G-Pilot 2.0 will realize autonomous capabilities in specific environments, such as automatic parking systems, and are slowly being applied to production models.
In & # 39; phase & # 39; A G-Pilot 3.0 can be changed to adjacent lines and non-automated car parks. And combined with more auto-networking relationships, and cloud computing.
The G-Pilot 4.0's phase is the highest level of Geel's autonomous riding technology route, which combines autonomous travel technology with travel algorithm logic to provide complete travel services.
It may seem that low-level division of G-Pilot does not provide a clear auto-driving time button, but it also does goals for features such as automatic parking and automatic changes.
From the advancement of further, Geely Borui GE is the first production shop to come L2 and break to L1. After executing the intelligent L2 level bike, Borui GE does not only have high-width adaptive crosses, but can also realize horizontal pathways in combination with the state of the previous traffic and the track in & # 39; t low-cost city rights. In & # 39; terms & # 39; The layouts will park, follow, ride, and turn the car.
From & # 39; hardware hardware point; a display of hardware is L2's Borui GE incorporates 21 automatic hits, including one millimeter-wave radar (front-end distribution), 12 ultrasonic radars (detecting body-bound obstacles) and one recording camera), 2 sensors (for lowering and full automatic light function), 4 panoramic cameras (trying the environment for cycling) and 1 monocular camera (smart driving solution)
Through the fusion of millimeter-wide radar and high definition of camera data, Borui GE can cover 32 round-the-clock targets, 16 camera-control targets, and 4 previous targets. For example, through the camera and the millimeter radar to recognize the bikes in any entry, the adaptive and crimping feature is realized at 0-150km / h speed, the rail feature is realized by the second generation torch camera of Bosch, and the automatic parking function is realized by the ultrasonic sensor.
If we all know, the first production is from & # 39; The production of the L3 is the Audi A8, which has 12 ultrasonic sensors, 4 panoramic cameras, 1 front camera, 4 middle radars and 1 infrared camera. From the apartment point, Geely cannot survive the combination of radar and camera when it comes to L3's massive production.
Core L3 competition
Instead of L5 with the fully automatic bike, it is better to pay more attention to the current L3 league.
The reason is that L3, as an important indicator of autopilot, is being considered by other people, and it is also an important opportunity to see the competitiveness of car companies R & D.
The autonomy of an autonomous brand company as an autonomous driving program says once that autonomous runs an important battlefield between future OEMs and technology companies. It is also an important technology as the finished engine and gearbox technology. You must control it yourself.
For the L3 mass production cut, every car company has announced the last term.
GAC New Energy planet that in 2019 makes the autonomous of L3 class autonomous cars on a single brand, making it the first car company in China to fish autonomous cars. Changan Automobile plots the company to set up automatic capacity production by 2020 and will realize the automatic cycle production of L4 in 2025. Chery plans to complete functional development at the end of 2019 and 2020 to reach the mass production of L3's car. FAW's Red Flag Group plans to launch a production model that, in 2019, achieves the L3 automated autopilot and automatically operates the L5 class in 2025. After the collaboration of Baidu's Apollo development platform, BAIC plants at 2019 to even run from cars of L3 class, and will reach L4's automatic cycling until 2021.
During the new forces in the automotive industry, Wei Lai said it will even introduce autodike cars for US consumers by 2020. In March of this year, Li Bin, founder and president of Weilai, showed that Weilai is currently developing a second-generation platform. On this platform, we will shake the L3 level of automatic cycling and instantly develop L4 levels automatically. Li Bin said that in the last three years he could jointly lead L4.
At a recent media meeting, Shen Hui, founder, chairman and director of Weimar Motors, shared the current mass-production L2 / L3 production and popularization, and failed to find high-level autopilot information. Xiaopeng Automobile Plans plan to reach L3's autopilot production by 2020.
Before the production models were launched, simulation tests and road tests were also saved. Data shows that at least 1 billion kilometers or hundreds of years confirm the safety of autonomous driving licenses. At present, it is generally believed that more than 90% of the test data that should be run for autonomous tours must be tested in a computer-virtual environment and 10 % of & # 39; t be tested for real roads, which is 100 million kilometers of traffic problems.
According to Beijing Autopilot Vehicle Road Test Technical Report (2018) & # 39 ;, the total dive of auto-car fires in Beijing road test is 153,565 kilometers. In & # 39; run from & # 39; A nineteen ninth reached Baidu first with 91% of the total 13,9887,7 km road trial. Xiaoma Zhixing and Weilai Automobile came second and third respectively, with a total test run of 10132.9 km and 2415.3 respectively. Kilometer. Geely is not on list.
"To complete Geely's 10 billion kilometers test, Geely has developed a 10-year plan. Since 2014, Geely has been working on a collection of autonomous migration data, to break the breakthrough of three to four." level automatic driving technology to complete, To break the functional safety problem, the reason why the third level may not be four, the main reason is that security cannot be reached. "Liu Weiguo, senior chief engineer of Geely Automobile Intelligent Driving Development Center, said in an interview with the media.
Li Shufu, chairman of Geely Holding Group, made proposals to promote autopilot legislation in 2016 and 2017 sessions. At the same time, he also provided significant security. In April last year, Li Shufu left Uber's autopilot crash accident in Arizona, USA, "The crash does not cause anyone how fast we develop, security is the top priority. If security is not guaranteed, then no car ride. "