Other factors, such as computer games and maternal education levels, are expected to affect this disease and affect 475 million people worldwide by 2050. This was shown by this study as applied to twins.
Nearsightedness has been explained by consensus through genetic factors.
The time spent in summer and devoted to computer games is related to the risk of nearsightedness or nearsightedness in my childhood,British Journal of Ophthalmology& # 39; However, the results of infertility treatment can be protected. (Reading: the most frequent eye disease in Colombia)
Myopia is defined as refractive error. In other words, because the eye can not focus the light exactly, nearby objects are clean, but distant objects appear blurry. And it is becoming increasingly common: 4,758,000 people worldwide will be affected by 2050, compared with 1,950 million in 2010.
Can be corrected using glasses, laser surgery or contact lenses, but the condition is associated with later visual deterioration and increased risk of vision loss.
The gene is thought to play a role in this disease, but it does not fully explain the growing prevalence. And given the rapid development of snow in early life, researchers wanted to explore the possibility of contributing to environmental factors in the course of their lives.
These experts studied the 1991 twins, who were 16.7 years old by average age. The twins were all born in England between 1994 and 1996,Early development of long-term twins (TEDS, abbreviation of the English language).
Opticians have provided information on vision tests for nearsightedness and the researchers capture the developmental stages of children and children between twelve, three, four, seven, eight, ten, twelve, and fourteen to sixteen.
Parents and teachers completed a thorough questionnaire, and the twins provided a broad background on factors that could potentially affect information and early life development by conducting web-based assessments.
The average age at which myopic children began to wear glasses was 11 years. About one out of twenty (about 5.4%) were "lazy eyes" (amblyopia) and a similar rate (almost 4.5%) was strabismus. Overall, one quarter of twins (26%) are nearsighted.
The factors most closely related to the occurrence of nearsightedness at different points are the educational success of the mother (college or graduate level), the computer game during summer and the time of childbirth. The time spent playing computer games is not only related to hard work, but also because of the short duration of outdoor activities, which previously increased the risk of nearsightedness.
Educational outcomes are also related to nearsightedness, and scientists suggest that close-up work can accelerate because British children born in the summer will start school at a younger age than children born during the winter months.
Children born after fertilization have few myopia.
The high levels of household income and information measurement, especially oral skills scores, were higher but lower. Infertility treatment seemed to provide protection against nearsightedness and the risk was 25-30% lower.
Researchers, & # 39; King & # 39; s College London & # 39;Children born as a result of infertility treatment in London, England, were smaller, premature and had some developmental delay, which could explain short eye lengths and less myopia.
However, since it is an observational study, we can not reveal the cause by pointing out that the researcher will be able to analyze the interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental impact.