The Human Rights Commission of a Legislative Assembly has expressed a positive opinion on an issue that replaces the guidelines being followed by the state for the prevention and treatment of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( HIV), of which the current legislation is 21 years old
The proposal obliges the State to deliver without interruptive treatment to people living in conditions of poverty, extreme poverty or impression; like those who are abandoned from their jobs and have no means of providing health insurance, independent of their nationality.
Patients are also guaranteed the right to receive advice for and after the HIV test, even though their treatment, in the hands of their sexual orientation and gender identity.
The text also requests the ability to promote prevention of the diffusion of the violin and the right of all citizens to access free diagnostic tests in public health centers.
This guarantee is protected in a special way for heavy women and their partners.
According to the Ministry of Social Affairs, from 2002 to 2017, 10,166 new cases of HIV were identified in the country.
The proposal preserves the voluntary nature of this test, but, besides, leaves no effect on a paragraph of any current law that makes it mandatory to go into the investigation if a court asks it criminals and divorce proceedings.
The new plan was discussed during 2014 – 2018, but lost its term and was launched, so that the deputy of this period presented it again, and soon changes such as abolishing the word AIDS & # 39; e law.
Enrique Sánchez, president of the Human Rights Commission, stated that in the past, the term was used to describe an increased stage of HIV that did not kill other people's burden. However, treatments today are the patients' optimal quality of life, so the use of this term is not necessary and stigmatizes patients.
In commission, the bill received the approval of the Patricia Villegas deputy, from the National Integration Party (PIN), who promoted it; such as Mary Vita Monge, from a Christian social unit (PUSC); Paola Valladares and Jorge Fonseca, of national liberation and Enrique Sánchez, of Acción Ciudadana (PAC).
Striking by Ivonne Acuña, from the Independent New Republic.
Changes in state communication to sexual partners
The bills produce the plastic service to get the informed consent of patients in charge of performing HIV testing, as well as the prescription of treatments.
Another change would be made in & # 39; a condition of a patient for people with whom he had sex.
The current HIV-AIDS right contains that bearer of the virus having the obligation to have its status on & # 39; inform conversations. The reform plan, on the other hand, suggests that healthcare careers accompany the patient to make such communication.
"The law of 98 was very innovative in terms of access to treatment, but had two shortcomings that were explained by the time it was created: a period intended as if HIV was dead, was directed to almost that palliative (…) the other is that a prejudice was that HIV is a disease of homosexual men, and that caused other populations to be "deputized" by a PAC Enrique Sánchez.
As a result of the trainer not being able or not, the health personnel will carry out the procedures.
"This notification needs to be made in a way that is not confidential", the plan says.
These are other changes that would generate the bills related to current legislation:
* It would affect the National Insurance Institute (INS) in one national HIV and AIDS Care Council (Conasida), in & # 39; The workplace in which the workers are in treatment of the risk of HIV infection, the responsibility of promoting antiretroviral therapy would fall to that institution.
* Oblige the state to promote HIV prevention with programs that are aimed at vulnerable populations, in alliance with non-governmental organizations and societal societies.
* At present in the state the duty to find the creation and strengthening of homes for the care of people with HIV.
* Managing public healthcare providers to supply condoms to populations at the highest risk of CONTACT HIV, free of charge.