Oliver McAfee should be home in Christmas 2017. But the 29-year-old landscape garden, originally from Dromore in Northern Ireland County County, has not been seen since November 21, 2017.
McAfee was bicycling along the Israel National Trail, near the Mitzpe Ramon desert, before disappearing. His bicycle and tent were found two months later in a Ramon crater in the southern part of Israel. Trails have discovered them in & # 39; pants, keys, and computer tablets. the rail.
Media Releases were quick to enable Jerusalem Syndrome – a psychotic state (or lack of reality) often associated with religious experiences. Columns become paranoids. They see and hear things that aren't. They are occupied and occupied. And sometimes they disappear.
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On & # 39; one end in & # 39; For millennia, doctors from Israel advised Mr Shaul Mental Health Center about 100 tourists in & # 39; for a year with the syndrome (40 of which received the success of the hospital), mostly Christian, but also some Jews and a smaller number of Muslims. European syndrome was a form of psychosis, written in the British Journal of Psychiatry, in a city that "means a saint, the historical, and the heavenly".
Many had an existing psychiatric restart, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, which they had commanded to include their striking sacred mission. The doctors have written an American tourist with schizophrenia who began to wait at home and was constantly identified with the poignant character of Samson. He traveled to Israel, affirmed on movement of & # 39; a wall. Police, the man was filed in the hospital, treated with antipsychotic drugs, and fled back home accompanied by his father.
But others develop psychosis in Jerusalem in the absence of a history of mental illness. It was a relatively small number – 42 of the 470 tourists given over 13 years – but the cases were as dramatic as they were unexpected.
Opportunity was patients treated with sedatives or counseling – but the definitive hell was & # 39; physical distance from & # 39; the patients of Jerusalem and their holy places & # 39;
Typically, these people are cured with purity and cleansing a couple after arriving to the city, without taking any baths and dances and forcing them to clothe their nails and fingernails. They were a white gown, often out of hotel cabinets. They deliver sermons, cries of psalms, and singing religious hymns on streets or on one of & # 39; the holy places of the city. This psychosis usually has a week. Opportunity was treated with sedatives or counseling – but the definitive devotion was "physical distance from the patients of Jerusalem and their holy places".
The authors suggest that these tourists (usually from ultra-religious families) have abused their subconscious idealistic image of Jerusalem and the concrete reality of a busy commercial city that leads to the syndrome . One author has stated that the city would be a "mass of mass", referring to centuries of territorial conflicts between beliefs resulting from & # 39; a "freak, suddenly and reminiscent of thinking". Yes, Jerusalem video is not a new boring one: the descriptions it & # 39; t create from & # 39; the time back to & # 39; Middle Ages.
What was the possibility of Jerusalem Syndrome in Oliver McAfee was not an interesting fascination with religion on his part; he was already told that he was a divine Christian. But soon after his disappearance, his brother raised concerns about photo's from Oliver's camera: "The nature of her is just a little bit of character and decides that he couldn't quite be himself. One of them left much of it and pike around its camp and that was just not like him. "At a later press conference to & # 39; he judged even more judgments, though he" had changed his mind, said she was "up continue through the photos, continue through the magazines and everything turns out that – for Oliver this was a regular, ordinary journey ".
Researchers have spoken to & # 39; discovering thawed transit from & # 39; a Bible that was lost with deletion, where it disappeared, wrote in a handwritten written references that it had made to Jesus in & # 39; a desert, and according to a report, a "chapel" – a field of sand, broken down by a bicycle tool, inside a circle of stones.
A Facebook page (@helpusfindollie) is set in the background of its disappearance. Here is one of the last posts: "I knew great what I say if there is nothing to say?" The first anniversary of Oliver's disappearance has come and gone; and immediately it feels as if answers are still a million kilometers. "
Just like medicine in Jerusalem is the problem of symbolizing Jerusalem syndrome, to see it more often, Florence psychiatrists experience similar symptoms under different circumstances. It seems that the visitors are so consumed by the beauty of & # 39; e city, that they are in a future due to psychosis. One 72-year-old artist visited the Ponte Vecchio bridge and was convinced within minutes that he was being checked by international airlines and his hotel room was being busted. A woman in her 40s believed that figures from & # 39; a fresco of & # 39; A Strozzi chapel of Santa Maria Novella's church looked at her: "It seems to me that they wrote about me in a newspaper, they talk about me about the radio and they follow me on & # 39 ; streets. "
Florentine psychiatrist Graziella Magherini described over 100 tourists who had visited the Santa Maria Nuova hospital in 1977 and 1986, which included peelations, sweats, breast color, these spellings and even hallucinations, disorientation, a feeling of had boredom and loss of identity. Some have attempted to destroy works of art. This was all made, Magherini said, by "an impressive personality, the stress of traveling and the encounter with a city such as Florence hung by spirits of" great size, death and perspective of "history". It was just too much, she told, to the sensitive tourist.
She called the condition of the Stendhal Syndrome to be the French writer that it was even described that "in the expectation of" increased beauty "was recorded and" with a hard handle of the heart. recorded, then & # 39; A Santa Croce Basilica emerged from a visit in 1817. "The water from & ldquo; life span was drought in me, and I was standing in fright to fall into the ground."
Although only two or three cases of so-called Stendhal syndrome will be seen annually, the Uffizi Gallery in Florence is a fair part of necessities. One man had a cut, there was the performance of Botticelli's premavera and another visitor was corrupted by Caravaggio's Medusa. Speaking to the Correct Della Sera newspaper shortly after a visitor has a heart attack for another Botticelli (The Prayer of Venus), the director of Uffizi & # 39; s said "I am not writing a diagnosis, but I know that for a museum like us, so full of absolute masterpieces, we are a potential source of emotional, psychological and even physical stress for the input of a visit. "
In contrast, sometimes a city is not entirely to be expected to live. "Paris syndrome" is named for Japanese tourists who develop psychosis (more than 63 patients are described in the series), probably wounded that Paris is the city of their dreams. Wounded by the heathen faces of farms and the mutiny of friendly shop assistants, a kind of wound comes. "In Japanese stores, the customer is king," a representative of a association said, helping Japanese families in France, "while assistants don't see them here."
But are these syndromes really specific to Jerusalem, Florence, or Paris? Are these cities aware of their own warning?
& # 39; Psychiatric Need & # 39; is one of the most common medical reasons for air travel between travelers
Mental health problems are among the leading causes of illness among travelers. According to & # 39; World Health Organization & # 39; is & nbsp; psychiatric need & # 39; one of the most common medical reasons for air travel. Specifically, present psychosis applies up to a fifth of all mental health problems in travelers – and most of them are not for the Bethlehem Church of the Nativity of the Wailing Wall.
There are plenty of reasons to shake off red journeys. Death, sleep and jet lag are involved in travel psychosis, along with sleepiness that is included in alcohol in the flight, or in some cases such as the anti-malefic mefloquine. The prevalence of fear of flying is from 2.5% to 6.5%, and that of acute travel is about 60%. Add in & nbsp; stress from & # 39; a security from the airport, long queue outside museums, language barriers and cultural differences, and then perhaps an intense personal and long-awaited religious or cultural pillar, and the complete storm is stored. (Learn more about how & # 39; t affect flying impact on your brain and mental health.)
For many severe cases, it is likely that travelers have an uncovered psychiatric condition or predisposition to long-term psychosis before arriving at Florence's Uffizi or Galleria dell'Accademia. More than half of those who were recruited to the hospital in Magherini's study had previously been in contact with a psychologist's psychologist. And comments in the British Psychiatry Anniversary suggests that "Jerusalem should not be treated as a pogogen, for the morbid idea of the attacked travelers elsewhere".
There is even a need for Stendhal itself. His detailed contemporary diary of his 1817 visit in Florence was tainted with complaints about his tight control, but there was no word of his intense experience at Santa Croce Basilica, although his published travel group was "the deepest experience" and that he "has reached the point where one's heavenly feelings were".
Could it be that proclaiming a snooze response to the Renaissance art serves to & # 39; e status, refreshment and superiority of status? Or should we believe that such splendor, instead of jet lag and long waiting museum, can be a tremendous consequence of a decline of one's thought?
When one poet wrote nearly 100 years ago:
… for beauty is nothing
but the start of &
you & # 39; we can just do it,
and we are once as cool as deserving to destroy us. Every angel is horrible.
Duino Elegies (1923)
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