A century ago, the history of history has taken a powerful blow when Douglas Engelbart – then a mid-career career of 43-year-old engineer at the Stanford Research Institute in the heart of Silicon Valley – gave something known was "mother of all demos."
On December 9, 1968 at a computer conference in San Francisco, England gave the first intelligence of a number of techniques that we now require: video conferencing, modern desktop interface, text interface, hypertext, mouse, collaboration
Even for his well-known demonstration, Engelbart's vision of his future has been more than half a century ago written in his 1962 historic paper, "Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework".
In order to open the 90-minute presentation, Engelbart puts a question that is almost unprecedented in the early 21st century: "If you are in office or appointed an intellectual worker With a computer screen, saved by a computer that was always alive for you, and was instantly responsible – respectfully – to any action you had, how much would you miss? "
Of course, computers have large roles that are light-years away from pocket-sized devices that are practically an extension of ours.
Engelbart, died in 2013, was inspired by a contemporary legendary essay, published in 1945 by Vannevar Bush, physiologist, in the aftermath of War of # 39; the United States of America for Scientific Research and Development.
This essay, "If We May Think," was speculated on a "future device for individual use, which is a kind of mechanized private files and libraries." It was this essay that was featured with a young angel – when a marine technique was set up in Philippines – for more than two decades.
Around 1968, Ingelbart had made something that called "oN-Line System", or NLS, a prototype intranet. The ARPANET, the predecessor to the Internet itself, would not be determined until next year.
Four years later, in 1973, debuted Xerox de Alto, considered the first modern personal computer. That is now both inspiring both Macintosh and Microsoft Windows, and the rest, clear, is history.
"Doug [J.C.R. Licklider] Two of our most obvious variants are: "Vint Cerf, the co-creator of the TCP / IP protocol, said in Ars in July 2013.
"Doug's NLS was so close to Vannever Bush's movie of Memex as in 1960. In the 1960s he had a sharp sense of ' There are computer managers able to think of human capabilities, many of what appears on Xerox PARC, its origin to Doug and the people that make it NLS with him [Web] is a manifestation of some of what he has thought or hope, although his cuts even have increased in human and computer partnerships. "
In 2015, Stanford University's Demo & # 39; a work of musical theater inspired by this occasion.
The Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California holds a few events in connection with the jubilee, both on December 9 with another letter in week, on December 12.