Agamemnon Martins, headquartered in Sao Paulo, one of the largest law firms in the labor market, has offices in several states and has reported an average of 2,000 shares per month. In the first year of labor reform, this figure fell to half. Part of the fall is related to the fear of the workers appearing in the courts, and if you lose your lawsuit, you have to pay for your company's attorneys.
Many people are waiting for a ruling by the High Court. Because there is a question about the application of the new rules among magistrates, office partner Agamenon Martins Oliveira says. Incoming behavior is not considered an "adventurous" request that does not legally support itself, but it is lighter. "We can prove everything we want," he says.
To compensate for the decline in stake in the labor force, Oliveira began focusing primarily on banking in fundraising for abuse. He also has about 80 lawyers ready to work in the field of social security. He pointed out that "social security reforms should have big legal requirements."
Labor law partner Mattos Filho Advogados (Solon Cunha) says reforms have given both lawyers more responsibility. "There was some sort of caught, caught and crazy demand," he said, and the claim for moral damage that came short of irresponsibility was the least.
Fernando Durão, Labor Operations Director of JBM Advogados, said: "Excessive requests for overtime and unhealthy work have been reduced due to expert fraud and cost." There is more caution and rationality in the process. "
From January to September, the number of new cases decreased by 36% compared to the same period in 2017. According to the Superior Labor Court (TST), there were 1.28 million shares, down 726,000 from the previous year. This is the lowest number of cases in five years.
According to Hélio Zylberstajn of the Economic Research Foundation (Fipe), conflicts between workers and companies are continuing, but over time, "the definition is more complex, so both solutions will be simpler."
job. Ariane Joice dos Santos One of the arguments for approval of reforms in the vision of the working class and professors of the OAB Advocacy Senior School has not reached job creation. "The number of unemployed is very close to what was confirmed before retirement, which proves that it is not a labor law that hampers employment, as of the end of 2017 there are 13.4 million unemployed people and now a decrease of 5% to 12.7 million.
José Márcio Camargo (Professor of Economics at PUC / Rio) believes that the flexibility of labor regulations has contributed to the decline in unemployment, although it is still premature to assess the impact on employment levels. This stands at 13.7% in 2017 and 11.9% today.
Another outcome of the reform was 115,800 individual contracts between employees and employers for dismissal. Already, the number of collective agreements (category-related union negotiations) has decreased from 3,725 in 2017 to 2,701. Collective bargaining (trade union bargaining with the company) decreased from 18,638 to 14,114. Clemente Ganz Lúcio, Director of Dieese Technology, said the negotiations were longer this year. "Based on the reforms, the business has begun to change or withdraw the social clauses anticipated in the previous agreement."