Monday , January 24 2022

The consumption of inadequate antibiotics can cause fatal "superbugs" and the WHO



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The World Health Organization (WHO) warned of a dangerous increase. Antibiotic consumption In some countries, consumption is low in other regions, which can lead to its appearance. The deadly "superbugs".

Based on data from 2015 collected in 65 countries and regions, the World Health Organization estimates that there are more than 64 consumptions in Burundi from the four daily doses (DDD) defined for one-day-a-day residents in Burundi.

According to the statement, the difference is that in some countries too much antibiotics are consumed, while others do not.

Antibiotics discovered in the 1920s saved tens of millions of lives to effectively deal with bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis.

However, bacteria have been transformed to withstand these drugs over the years.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned several times that the number of effective antibiotics is declining in the world.

Last year, the United Nations Agency called on the US and large pharmaceutical companies to develop a new generation of drugs that could fight super-resistant "super bacteria."

"Excessive consumption and inadequate consumption of antibiotics is a major cause of resistance to antibiotics"Said in a statement that Suzanne Hill, head of WHO's drug and essential health product line,

"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose the ability to treat a wide range of infections, such as pneumonia," he said.

Bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics that are not needed by the patient or when they are not finished. Therefore, bacteria have more facilities to survive and develop immunity.

However, WHO is also concerned about low consumption of antibiotics.

"If the patient can not get the full treatment, or if only low-quality or changed medicines are available, resistance can occur," the report says.

In Europe, the average consumption of antibiotics is about 18 DDD per thousand people a day. Turkey ranks in the rankings (38 DDD), reaching the last five times of Azerbaijan (8 DDD).

However, WHO acknowledged that the report is incomplete because it includes four African countries, three Middle Eastern countries and six Asia-Pacific countries. The largest members of this study are the United States, China and India.

Since 2016, WHO has helped 57 low-income and middle-income countries collect data to create a standardized system for tracking antibiotic use.

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