by Carmen Rodríguez
STOCKHOLM, Sweden.- The Nobel Prize for Medicines James Allison says that cancer will not disappear as a health problem and, while the immunotherapy, which has the benefit of improving the prevention and lifestyle accent, healthy
Allison (1948) and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo developed a completely new principle to treat cancer by stimulating the body's ability to fall into tumor cells.
Although immunotherapy thanks to important liver in the health of crowns such as melanoma with metastasis, this does not work in any type or with all patients, thereby maintaining the studies in this promising field.
The immunologist believes that "cancer does not disappear as a health problem", but there will be better ways to fight it, while the winner of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of # 39; The Knowledge Award implies prevention, to "most cases" of long and even melanomas "are caused by the lifestyle".
Immunotherapy will improve, he says, and "in the long run will eventually all melanomas, a large part of long, a lot of the kidneys and can also be different."
Melanoma, which gives immunotherapy to great results, has many mutations and the immune system "makes it easier", but in the case of tumors such as glioblastoma or pancreas, with many myeloid cells, "we have not seen any effectiveness" , therefore, the study goes on.
Allison knows what they are talking about when it comes to cancer. His mother died when he was ten years old and one of his brothers – "my family has been hurried hard" by the disease, he says – and he has survived three times, the last is immunotherapy, "hard, but very effective "
A basic research scientist, his first goal was to "really understand" how to work T-cells – a kind of immune system soldiers – to "he was convinced that when he found out" he could get to do what he wanted and would be cancer.
In 1990s, the & # 39; The University of California, said the immunologist who worked with T cells and if he had understood that he had come into the disease and then returned to the cells until a new discovery was made. I can try to cancer.
He discovered that there are molecules in the body that activates or closes the T cells, so they can control the ability of the body to attack and sore cervical disorders.
Although she usually works in a laboratory without contacts with the people she helps, Allison thinks the perfect patient she is perfect. "He was in 2005, he was 22 years old, he would be married and he was diagnosed with melanoma with brain and liberty metastasis."
When the tumors left with immunotherapy and their doctor told her that the inventor of technology was there, she wanted him to go to the # the order wanted. "It was very exciting, I went home and I walked around the rest of the day," he remembers. Four years later, he sent him photograph of his first son and then the second.
Allison does not agree with the doctors who say that cancer should be "managing" a disease – consider that it can never be healed completely – to get "on that case" that they always think about it shoulder looking for when he can come back. "
With immunotherapy, "in any case with melanoma, if you keep it for four years, it does not come back" and it is that – he points out – "it is necessary that they feel at a moment their health even if they are from # 39; check the times ".
Born in Alice, Texas, the new Nobel is passionate about the harmonica and plays in two bands of doctors, to become fun and get money for organizations that have cancer.
"Many things you can find pleasure in. It's the like-like thing in the laboratory: gather people with the goal of realizing a mission, everyone works together, everyone carries, you go to the stage and try good enough ".