James Allison, one of # winners of # 39; Nobel Prize for the Nobel Prize in 2018, said that cancer "It will not disappear as a health problem" and although the immunotherapy for which he was awarded was improved, he emphasized the prevention and healthy lifestyles.
Allison (70) and the Japanese Tasuku Honjo (76) developed a completely new principle of dealing with cancer Encouraging the capacity of the body of the body to decrease the tumor cells.
Although immunotherapy thanks to important immunotherapy, many leading bronzes in metals such as melanoma, metastasis, It does not work in any type or with all patients, so the studies in this promising field.
The immunologist believes that "cancer does not disappear as a health problem", but there will be better ways to fight it, while the winner of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of # 39; The Knowledge Award implies prevention, to "most cases" of long and even melanomas "are caused by the lifestyle".
Immunotherapy will improve, he says, and "in the long run, it will eventually be all melanoma, a large proportion of long-hair, almost all the kidneys, and others may be."
Melanoma, which gives immunotherapy to great results, has many mutations and the immune system "makes it easier", but in the case of tumors such as glioblastoma or pancreas, with many myeloid cells, "we have not seen any effectiveness" , therefore, the study goes on.
Allison knows what she's talking about when it's cancer: her mother died when he was ten years old and one of her brothers – "my family was badly hit by the illness, she says – and he survived three times, the latter as immunotherapy under, "hard, but very effective".
A basic research scientist, his first goal was to "really understand" how to work T-cells – a kind of immune system soldiers – to "he was convinced that when he found out" he could get to do what he wanted and would be cancer.
He discovered that there are molecules in the body that activates or closes the T cells, so they can control the ability of the body to attack and sore cervical disorders.
Allison does not agree with the doctors who say that cancer should be "managing" a disease – consider that it can never be healed completely – to get "on that case" that they always think about it shoulder looking for when he can come back. "
With immunotherapy, "at least with melanoma, If you resist four years, it does not come back"And it is necessary that at a time their senses feel, although they have to be checked out of time."