Never underestimate the intelligence of Mother Nature.
Strange events have been observed among young female elephants in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique. About one-third did not give birth to tusks.
Female African elephants have an unprecedented level of tusklessness, but usually only about 2-4%. The blunt crew of the matter is a war that was funded by an elephant slaughter for ivory among the first generations of Mozambique after 15 years of civil war. Ninety percent of the elephants in the region died, but those without tusks survived. And now they have turned their character over to their daughter.
Dina Fine Maron writes about the phenomenon of National Geographic, and says elephants are not limited to Mozambique as they seem to be destined for their destiny. "Other countries with a significant history of ivory poaching have undergone a similar shift between female survivors and daughters, for example, at Addo Elephant Park in South Africa, 98% of women were outrageous in the early 2000s.
"It is really noteworthy that add-ons are prone to occur, and the high concentrations of poaching pressure can only do more than just remove individuals from the population," said Ryan Long, behavioral ecologist at the University of Idaho National Geographic Explorer says.
How the characteristics are delivered remains a mystery. Shane Campbell-Staton is an evolutionary biologist at the University of California at Los Angeles and a researcher of tusklessness. This phenomenon is almost exclusively for women, and it makes sense for males without a tusk to be disadvantaged in mating. "But if this trait traditionally follows the X chromosome to follow the X chromosome to determine sex and transmit genes for a variety of genetic traits, we can say that since men always get their X chromosome from their mother, There is an incredibly large males. "
Nonetheless, blunt women will appear to be taking advantage of this tragically ivory-hungry world. But is it disadvantageous that those who are not so have no such tool? Elephants use thumbs from digging up water to barking trees to approach food.
Anecdotal evidence has shown that elephants of the jaw jug do not adversely affect their health. They are using trunks and teeth, and other elephants are seeking solutions such as feeding "soft" trees or trees that are "started". (That is, the elephant's involvement with the tusks is also important to other species, for example, many species habitat depends on rough bark and moisture.)
Researchers are now studying how toughness can change the behavior of elephants. Do they need a larger area to give up? Will they change where they live and how fast they move?
"Some or all of these changes in behavior can change the distribution of elephants across the landscape and are a widespread change that can have a major impact on the rest of the ecosystem," says Long.
There are many questions to answer and nobody knows exactly where this is going to go, but one thing is certain. Elephants without tusks are not killed by ivory. These girls will win. And even if this is not the perfect solution, it is amazing to see how these amazing animals train humans.
Maron's entire work can be read here: Under poaching pressure, elephants are evolving to lose their tusks. Learn more about Gorongosa Elephants at Elephant Voices or watch videos below.
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