On Sunday, January 20, viewers across the west will see & # 39; hemisphere treated & # 39; a quiet prison of & # 39; last & # 39; flower-cut clock & # 39; from & # 39; e ten years. But if people on the plan tour see the moon smile, some lucky observers will have an unexpected delight: the block of a spacecraft striking the moon org.
"It's a rare format of selected events," says Justin Cowart, a Ph.D. candidate at Stony Brook University in New York. "IN [meteoroid] Over this size, the moon hits once a week or so, "he says. But if this event is confirmed, it may be the first time that an impact has been recorded in the month ended.
An eagle-eyed viewer on Reddit spotted the potential impact at the back and reaches to the r / room congregation to show if others can be violated. The news speaks quickly social media, as people out of the totality of their photos & # 39; have and video's of this little flicker of light.
Many scientists first came in with the appropriate skepticism requests. After watching buzz on Twitter, "I asked if I was a local effect, or maybe a camera," says planetarium scientist Sara Mazrouei of & # 39; a University of Toronto.
Light cans from an impact are small and short-lived, making it easy to remove them with a ferrous pixel. But image after the image has the same thing: At 4:41 UT, as a whole only beginning, a small peak of the light went to the south of & # 39; crater Byrgius, an almost 55-kilometer-wide pocket money in the western part of the month.
"They're all seeing the same bright pixel," says Mazrouei. This confluence focuses strongly on the flash of light that is actually an influence.
"This is what people who have been in the world did not know that they have to report to them," says Noah Petro, a researcher scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.
Backyard astronomers and structured citizen scientists weren't the only ones waiting. Jose Maria Madiedo, an astrophysicist at Huelva University in Spain, is co-director of the Moon Impacts Detection and Analysis System, MIDAS for short. He spent the night working to get eight of the telescope projects on & # 39; a month under the mans to look for just such an event.
The MIDAS team normally runs at a month's search for small cans, the countless drawings of an impact, to learn about the space of spaces that are buried during our month. But most of these events are too crowded to see when the month is full. The team performs the largest of their ratings in & quot; five days before and after a new month. However, an eclipse supports the full month of a month, and gives a rare opportunity to place the small flash of light.
Moreover, she had no effect on the back view, but Madiedo didn't lose the hope: "Sometimes inside me told me that this time would be time." And certainly enough, his input was paid.
"I had a very nice tax," he says.
Make an impact
Scientists say that the following steps include many observations to study the event in full detail, and hopefully it will display an image of & # 39; is a new crater from & month to month.
"The earth and the moon are in such close proximity that can help observe the observations of a month at a month, how much we learn a lot more about the frequency of consequences of a month." Earth, "explains Mazrouei, who's writing a study that 's an old tip in a big meteor shower at the month and so on our planet.
Although Earth's atmosphere protects us from much of the smaller room coverage that increases with the solar system, incoming meteorites can still influence the route of satellites running around the planet. 39; it is important for storing navigation, telecommunications, forecasting and more outdoor space.
And seeing the background of smaller effects on the archipelago than the month, scientists can learn about the effects of larger strikes in all kinds of worlds – including our own, Madiedo says.
"By knowing what's happening with smaller effects, you can know what can come up with big effects without really having a major impact on Earth."
The month is coming
The search of & # 39; the new crater on the already tagged surface of & # 39; a month will take some work, though. The space for this process is important for NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). In 2009, the beginning of a murderer was included to record our month to its surface & # 39; to study a wonderful detail. Up to now, it has included hundreds of changes in some lunar landscapes, including more than two dozens of new influential craters.
LRO even has its history compiled into "craters" according to first-sheet reports. On March 17, 2013, researchers in NASA investigated Marshall Space Flight Center view messages similar to a small light flickering on & # 39; month. By comparing images from & # 39; the month of & # 39; the month of & # 39; s trio of & # 39; LRO's cameras before and after the event, scientists see the storm surges from influencing to the particular crater.
For this last event, the team is responsible for LRO's cameras not specifically targeting the crater in their moon sweeps. The orbiter essentially finds a random sampling of & # 39; the month of & # 39; One month, so scientists can calculate the average number of effects over time, Petro explains that this project engineer is for LRO. Specifically, targeting the new crater would introduce statistical sampling.
Neither can researchers work to align the crater's location and break even more detail about the impact – and then shake LRO data to see if it's over the right coin. Madiedo and his team work together to assess the energy and mass & # 39; s impact to help in calculating the likely size and position of & # 39; e crater. His first treasures suggest that the space was over the size of a football, and that it remains a crater around six kilometers.
Stony Brook's Cowart is also attempting to throw where & # 39; s the space stones used images of amateur astronomer Christian Fröschlin. He treasures that the crater is round 29.47 south, 67.77 west. But the quality is hard; each pixel in the image represents a region about 2.5 miles.
"So if I'm freeing a pixel then if we set up this location, we can just miss the crater," he says.
Adolescents from & # 39; s issues that & # 39; t the new crater & # 39; If it fails, the series of events will play the most important but often remaining role of social media in gathering data on natural phenomena, Petro says.
"I said I will go into the mouths that this is really nice," he adds. "This observation simply reinforces what is bloody clear."